Definition of THROUGH

THROUGH Adverb and Preposition

Through can function as both an adverb and a preposition, indicating movement from one side or end to the other, completion of a process or action, or passage via a medium or channel.

THROUGH as an adverb

As an adverb, through denotes movement or action from one side, end, or point to another, often implying completion or passage. For example, “The car drove through the tunnel,” indicates movement from the entrance to the exit of the tunnel. Additionally, through can signify completion or accomplishment, as in “She worked hard and persevered through the challenges,” suggesting overcoming difficulties to reach a goal.

THROUGH as a preposition

As a preposition, through indicates passage or movement within a medium, space, or channel. For instance, “The water flowed through the pipe,” suggests movement within the confines of the pipe. Through can also denote intermediate points or stages, as in “He traveled from New York to Los Angeles through Chicago,” indicating a route that includes a stop in Chicago.

Spatial and Temporal Connotations: The use of through can convey spatial relationships, such as movement across or within physical boundaries, as well as temporal concepts, such as completion of a duration or progression of time. For example, “She read through the book,” implies reading from the beginning to the end of the book, while “He worked through the night,” suggests working during the entire duration of the night.

Metaphorical and Figurative Usage: Beyond its literal spatial and temporal meanings, through is often employed in metaphorical or figurative contexts to express concepts related to achievement, resolution, or transition. For instance, “They came through the storm stronger than before,” metaphorically suggests emerging successfully or unharmed from a challenging situation. Similarly, “He found clarity through meditation,” implies achieving insight or understanding via a particular practice or method.

Versatility and Flexibility: The versatility of through allows it to adapt to various contexts and convey nuanced meanings across different languages and cultural settings. Its flexibility in both adverbial and prepositional usage makes it a common and indispensable element of communication, enabling speakers and writers to express movement, completion, passage, or transition with precision and clarity.

In conclusion, through serves as both an adverb and a preposition, indicating movement from one side or end to another, completion of a process or action, or passage via a medium or channel. Whether conveying spatial relationships, temporal concepts, metaphorical meanings, or figurative expressions, through plays a fundamental role in communication, facilitating the expression of ideas, experiences, and narratives with depth and clarity.

Examples of THROUGH in a sentence

THROUGH as an adverb in a sentence

  • The train passed through quickly, leaving only a gust of wind behind.
  • She worked diligently and made it through to the end of the challenging project.
  • He pushed through the crowd to get a better view of the stage.
  • Despite the heavy rain, they drove through and arrived on time.
  • The message was clear and came through the loudspeaker perfectly.
  • She stayed up all night studying, but she managed to get through the exam.
  • The athlete pushed through the pain to finish the race.
  • After hours of negotiation, they finally broke through the impasse.

THROUGH as a preoposition in a sentence

  • They walked through the forest, enjoying the serene atmosphere.
  • The tunnel goes through the mountain, providing a shortcut to the town.
  • She read through the entire book in one sitting.
  • The sunlight filtered through the curtains, casting a warm glow in the room.
  • He looked through the window and saw the children playing outside.
  • They traveled through several countries on their way to Europe.
  • The river flows through the city, dividing it into two parts.
  • She sifted through the documents to find the one she needed.

Etymology of THROUGH

The term through has its etymological roots in Old English and Proto-Germanic, offering insights into its linguistic origins.

  • Old English Influence: “Through” originated from the Old English word “þurh,” which denoted passage or penetration from one side to another.
  • Proto-Germanic Formation: In Proto-Germanic, the word “thurkh” evolved, retaining its original meaning of passage or penetration.
  • Semantic Context: In modern usage, “through” denotes movement, completion, or passage from one side, point, or stage to another. It can describe physical movement through a space or time, as well as completion or accomplishment of a task or process.
  • Evolution of Meaning: Over time, the term “through” has evolved to encompass a broader range of meanings, including finishing or completing something, as well as indicating understanding or mastery of a subject or concept.

The term through reflects its historical roots in Old English and Proto-Germanic, illustrating its evolution from describing physical passage to encompassing broader meanings related to completion, accomplishment, or understanding.


  • Via
  • By way of
  • Along
  • Across
  • Over
  • Amidst
  • Throughout
  • During


  • Stopped
  • Blocked
  • Interrupted
  • Halted
  • Incomplete
  • Ceased
  • Restricted
  • Limited


  • Passage
  • Journey
  • Route
  • Path
  • Travel
  • Progress
  • Completion
  • Endurance

🌐 🇬🇧 THROUGH in other languages

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