Definition of ENVIRONMENT


Environment is a noun that primarily refers to the surroundings or conditions in which an organism, individual, or system exists, encompassing both biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) factors, as well as the interactions between them. It can be understood in various contexts:

Ecosystem Dynamics: As a noun, environment denotes the complex interactions between living organisms (biotic factors) and their physical surroundings (abiotic factors), including air, water, soil, climate, sunlight, nutrients, and habitats.

Ecological Relationships: Environments support diverse ecological communities, species interactions, trophic relationships, energy flow, nutrient cycling, and ecosystem processes, shaping the structure and function of ecosystems.

Built and Natural Environment: The human environment encompasses both built environments (urban areas, infrastructure, buildings) and natural environments (forests, rivers, oceans, parks), reflecting the interaction between human activities and natural systems.

Anthropogenic Impact: Human activities, such as urbanization, industrialization, agriculture, transportation, resource extraction, pollution, and climate change, profoundly influence the health, integrity, and resilience of the environment.

Cultural Landscapes: Environments embody cultural values, beliefs, practices, and identities, shaping human perceptions, attitudes, behaviors, and relationships with nature, as evidenced in cultural landscapes, sacred sites, and traditional ecological knowledge.

Environmental Justice: Environmental issues intersect with social justice concerns, as marginalized communities disproportionately bear the burden of environmental degradation, pollution, environmental hazards, and climate change impacts.

Environmental Science: Environmental science is an interdisciplinary field that studies the natural and human dimensions of the environment, integrating knowledge from biology, ecology, chemistry, geology, geography, sociology, economics, and policy.

Environmental Management: Environmental management involves strategies, policies, and practices aimed at conserving, restoring, and sustainably managing natural resources, biodiversity, ecosystems, and environmental quality for present and future generations.

In summary, environment is a noun that describes the complex interplay between living organisms and their physical surroundings, encompassing ecological, human, social, cultural, and scientific dimensions, with implications for biodiversity conservation, ecosystem sustainability, human well-being, and environmental stewardship.

Examples of ENVIRONMENT in a sentence

  • The protection of the environment is essential for the well-being of present and future generations.
  • Climate change poses a significant threat to the global environment and requires urgent action.
  • Conservation efforts aim to preserve natural habitats and biodiversity for the benefit of the environment.
  • Pollution from industrial activities and urban development has a detrimental impact on the environment.
  • Environmental activists advocate for policies and practices that promote sustainability and protect the environment.
  • Environmental education programs raise awareness about the importance of caring for the environment and living in harmony with nature.
  • The health of the environment is closely linked to human health, as pollution and habitat destruction can have far-reaching consequences.
  • Sustainable development seeks to balance economic growth with the protection of the environment to ensure a better future for all.


The word environment has its roots in Latin and has undergone semantic evolution over time. Here’s a breakdown of its etymology:

  • Latin Origins: “Environment” is derived from the French word “environner,” which means “to surround” or “to encircle.” “Environner” itself originates from the Old French word “environ,” meaning “around” or “surrounding.”
  • Latin Roots: The Latin root of “environner” is “ambiens,” which is the present participle of the verb “ambiō,” meaning “to go around” or “to encircle.” This word evolved into “ambiance” in French, which refers to the atmosphere or surroundings of a place.
  • Semantic Evolution: Over time, the term “environment” transitioned from describing physical surroundings or atmosphere to encompassing broader contexts, including natural habitats, ecosystems, social surroundings, and external conditions that influence living organisms or systems.
  • Modern Usage: In contemporary English, “environment” typically refers to the physical, social, and cultural surroundings in which an organism, individual, or system exists. It encompasses natural elements such as air, water, and land, as well as human-made elements such as buildings, infrastructure, and societal norms.
  • Environmental Science: The term is especially prominent in the field of environmental science, where it denotes the complex interplay between biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) factors that shape ecosystems and influence biodiversity, climate, and sustainability.

Overall, the etymology of environment reflects its origins in Latin and French roots, with a transition from describing physical surroundings to encompassing broader contexts of influence and interaction in contemporary usage.


  • Surroundings
  • Habitat
  • Ecosystem
  • Setting
  • Context
  • Milieu
  • Atmosphere
  • Surround


  • Vacuum
  • Void
  • Sterile
  • Emptiness
  • Barrenness
  • Desolation
  • Nihil
  • Neglect


  • Ecology
  • Conservation
  • Sustainability
  • Pollution
  • Climate
  • Biodiversity
  • Green
  • Preservation

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