Obstetric fistula refers to a childbirth injury that occurs during prolonged or obstructed labor, resulting in a hole or tear between the birth canal and the bladder or rectum. This condition can lead to chronic urinary or fecal incontinence, causing physical discomfort, social stigma, and psychological distress for affected individuals.

Noun – Childbirth Injury: As a noun, obstetric fistula denotes a specific type of childbirth injury characterized by an abnormal opening between the genital tract and the urinary or gastrointestinal tract. It typically occurs when prolonged or obstructed labor compresses the soft tissues of the pelvis, leading to tissue damage and necrosis, which may result in the formation of a fistulous tract.

Noun – Health Consequences: Obstetric fistula can have significant health consequences for affected individuals, including chronic urinary or fecal incontinence, genital ulceration, infections, and pain. These physical symptoms can impair mobility, limit daily activities, and contribute to social isolation and depression, particularly in contexts where access to healthcare and support services is limited.

Noun – Social Stigma and Marginalization: In addition to its physical effects, obstetric fistula is often accompanied by social stigma, shame, and marginalization, particularly in communities where childbirth injuries are misunderstood or attributed to personal failings. Women living with obstetric fistula may face discrimination, abandonment, and ostracism from their families and communities, exacerbating their emotional distress and social isolation.

Noun – Prevention and Treatment: Preventing and treating obstetric fistula requires comprehensive maternal healthcare services, including access to skilled birth attendants, emergency obstetric care, and timely surgical interventions to repair fistulous tracts. Community education, awareness-raising, and advocacy efforts are also essential for challenging misconceptions, promoting reproductive health, and supporting affected individuals in seeking treatment and rehabilitation.

In conclusion, obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury characterized by an abnormal opening between the birth canal and the urinary or gastrointestinal tract, resulting from prolonged or obstructed labor. Beyond its physical consequences, obstetric fistula can have profound social, emotional, and economic impacts on affected individuals, underscoring the importance of comprehensive maternal healthcare, social support, and advocacy efforts to prevent and address this preventable condition. By prioritizing maternal health and supporting those living with obstetric fistula, we can work towards ensuring safe and dignified childbirth experiences for all women worldwide.

Examples of OBSTETRIC FISTULA in a sentence

  • Obstetric fistula can cause significant physical and emotional distress for affected women.
  • Surgery is often required to repair the obstetric fistula and restore urinary continence.
  • Obstetric fistula is more prevalent in regions with limited access to maternal healthcare services.
  • The social stigma associated with obstetric fistula can lead to isolation and discrimination.
  • Women with obstetric fistula often face challenges in accessing adequate medical care and support.
  • Obstetric fistula can result from prolonged obstructed labor during childbirth.
  • Prevention efforts focus on improving maternal healthcare and promoting safe childbirth practices.
  • Obstetric fistula can have long-lasting consequences on a woman’s quality of life if left untreated.



  • Vesicovaginal fistula
  • VVF (Vesicovaginal fistula)
  • Obstetric fistula condition
  • Childbirth injury
  • Gynecological fistula
  • Genitourinary fistula
  • Obstetric trauma
  • Birth canal damage


  • Healthy childbirth
  • Intact birth canal
  • Normal delivery
  • Uninjured childbirth
  • Uncomplicated labor
  • Unaffected reproductive system
  • Undamaged genitalia
  • Uninjured birth canal


  • Childbirth complications
  • Reproductive health
  • Maternal health
  • Women’s health
  • Obstetrics
  • Gynecology
  • Surgical repair
  • Fistula surgery

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