Definition of ZINC


Zinc is a noun that primarily refers to a chemical element with the symbol Zn and atomic number 30, notable for its bluish-white color, corrosion resistance, malleability, and conductivity. It can be understood in various contexts:

Chemical Element:

Physical Properties: In chemistry, zinc (noun) denotes a metallic element belonging to the transition metal group, characterized by its metallic luster, relatively low melting point, and ability to form a protective oxide layer when exposed to air.

Atomic Structure: Zinc atoms possess 30 protons and electrons, with varying numbers of neutrons in isotopes, forming compounds and alloys with other elements in chemical reactions.

Industrial and Commercial:

Galvanization: Zinc is widely used as a coating material for galvanization, where steel or iron surfaces are protected from corrosion by applying a layer of zinc, enhancing durability and extending the lifespan of structures, appliances, and automotive parts.

Alloys and Applications: Zinc alloys, such as brass and zinc-based die-casting alloys, are utilized in manufacturing processes for producing various products, including hardware components, electrical fittings, automotive parts, and architectural finishes.

Health and Nutrition:

Dietary Supplement: In nutrition, zinc is an essential trace element required for numerous biological functions, including immune system support, wound healing, DNA synthesis, and growth and development.

Health Benefits: Adequate zinc intake is associated with improved immune function, reduced risk of infections, enhanced cognitive function, and maintenance of skin, hair, and nail health, making it vital for overall well-being.

In summary, zinc is a noun that describes a chemical element distinguished by its bluish-white color, corrosion resistance, and diverse applications in industry, technology, health, and nutrition.

Examples of ZINC in a sentence

  • She takes a daily supplement of zinc to support her immune system.
  • The metal roof was coated with zinc to prevent corrosion and rusting.
  • The doctor prescribed a zinc ointment to treat the patient’s skin condition.
  • Zinc is an essential mineral found in various foods such as meat, seafood, and nuts.
  • The zinc deficiency in the soil affected the growth of crops in the region.
  • The company manufactures zinc batteries for various electronic devices.
  • The artist used zinc white paint to create highlights in the portrait.
  • Zinc plays a crucial role in enzyme function and protein synthesis in the body.

Etymology of ZINC

Originating from German and Latin, the term zinc has evolved through various linguistic stages before arriving at its current usage in English.

  • German Origins: The term zinc is derived from the German word “Zink.” This term came into use in the 16th century, particularly in the works of German alchemists and metallurgists who identified and studied this metal. The origin of the German word is uncertain, but it might be related to the German word “Zinke,” meaning “prong” or “tooth,” possibly referring to the pointed shape of zinc crystals.
  • Latin Influence: During the Renaissance period, the German term “Zink” was adopted into Latin scientific texts as “zincum” or “zinken,” reflecting the increasing importance of Latin as the language of science and scholarship in Europe. This facilitated the spread and standardization of the term across different languages and regions.
  • Adoption into English: The term zinc entered the English language in the 17th century, as scientific knowledge and industrial applications of the metal expanded. English scholars and industrialists adopted the term from Latin and German texts, integrating it into the scientific and industrial vocabulary of the time.
  • Contemporary Usage: In modern English, zinc refers to the chemical element with the symbol Zn and atomic number 30. It is widely recognized for its use in galvanizing iron and steel to prevent rusting, in alloys such as brass, and in various chemical compounds. The term is firmly established in scientific, industrial, and everyday language.

Through its journey from German and Latin origins to contemporary usage, the term zinc reflects the historical development of scientific terminology and the global dissemination of knowledge about this essential metal.


  • Galvanized metal
  • Zincite
  • Spelter
  • Blende
  • Zincum
  • Metallic element
  • Alloy
  • Metal


  • Rust
  • Corrosion
  • Oxidation
  • Deterioration
  • Decay
  • Degradation
  • Erosion
  • Wear


  • Zinc oxide
  • Galvanization
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Zinc deficiency
  • Zinc alloy
  • Zinc coating
  • Zinc supplement
  • Zinc mining

🌐 🇬🇧 ZINC in other languages

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