METAL

Definition of METAL

HYBRID Noun and Adjective

Metal is primarily a noun that refers to a class of chemical elements characterized by their conductivity, luster, malleability, and ductility. It can also be used as an adjective to describe objects made of metal or having properties similar to those of metal.

METAL as a noun

Metal as a Noun: As a noun, metal refers to a category of elements on the periodic table that exhibit metallic properties. Metals are typically solid at room temperature (with the exception of mercury), have high thermal and electrical conductivity, and are capable of being hammered or pressed into various shapes without breaking. Common metals include iron, copper, aluminum, gold, and silver.

Properties and Uses: Metals have a wide range of uses in various industries and applications. They are essential materials in construction, manufacturing, transportation, electronics, and infrastructure. Metals are valued for their strength, durability, and versatility, making them indispensable in modern society.

Alloys and Compositions: Many metals are used in the production of alloys, which are mixtures of two or more elements, with at least one being a metal. Alloys often exhibit properties that are superior to those of their constituent elements, such as increased strength, hardness, or resistance to corrosion. Examples of alloys include steel (iron and carbon), bronze (copper and tin), and brass (copper and zinc).

Recycling and Sustainability: Metals are highly recyclable materials, and recycling plays a crucial role in conserving natural resources and reducing environmental impact. Recycling metals requires less energy and generates fewer emissions compared to primary metal production. Recycling facilities collect scrap metal from various sources, process it, and reintroduce it into the manufacturing supply chain.

METAL as an adjective

As an adjective, metal describes objects made of metal or possessing properties similar to those of metal. For example, a “metallic” sound is one that resembles the sound produced by striking metal objects, while a “metallic” taste refers to a taste reminiscent of metals.

Artistic and Aesthetic Uses: Metals have long been used for artistic and aesthetic purposes, including sculpture, jewelry, architecture, and decorative objects. The luster, color, and malleability of metals allow artists and designers to create intricate and visually stunning works of art.

Historical and Cultural Significance: Throughout history, metals have played a significant role in shaping human civilization. The discovery and mastery of metals such as bronze and iron have been pivotal milestones in technological and cultural development, influencing warfare, trade, and craftsmanship.

In conclusion, metal is a noun that refers to a class of chemical elements characterized by their conductivity, luster, malleability, and ductility. Metals are essential materials in various industries and applications, valued for their strength, durability, and versatility. They are used in construction, manufacturing, electronics, and artistic expression, among other fields. Recycling metals is crucial for sustainability, while the historical and cultural significance of metals highlights their enduring importance in human civilization.

Use examples of METAL in a sentence

METAL as a noun in a sentence

  • The sword was forged from the finest metal and adorned with intricate engravings.
  • Heavy metal music is known for its loud guitars and aggressive vocals.
  • The metal in the bridge had corroded over time, leading to its collapse.
  • She collected rare coins made of precious metals like gold and silver.
  • The car’s frame was made of lightweight metal to improve fuel efficiency.
  • The metal was heated until it reached its melting point and could be molded into shape.
  • The artist sculpted intricate patterns into the soft metal using delicate tools.
  • Recycling metal helps reduce the demand for raw materials and minimizes waste.

METAL as an adjective in a sentence

  • The door was reinforced with metal bars to prevent break-ins.
  • He wore a metal bracelet engraved with his initials.
  • The surgeon used metal instruments during the operation.
  • The spaceship’s hull was made of durable metal alloys to withstand the harsh conditions of space.
  • She decorated her room with metal sculptures and industrial-inspired furniture.
  • The metal detector beeped when it detected hidden objects in the sand.
  • The building’s façade featured sleek metal panels that gleamed in the sunlight.
  • The metal framework of the skyscraper towered above the city skyline.

Origin of METAL

The term metal has its etymological roots in English and Latin, providing insights into its linguistic origins.

  • Latin Influence: “Metal” is derived from the Latin word “metallum,” which referred to mines or mineral deposits from which metal ores were extracted. Latin “metallum” likely came from Greek “metallon,” meaning “mine” or “quarry.”
  • Semantic Context: In modern usage, “metal” refers to a class of chemical elements characterized by their luster, malleability, ductility, and conductivity. Metals are typically solid at room temperature and have a wide range of applications, including construction, manufacturing, and electrical conductivity.

The term metal thus reflects its etymological lineage from Latin and its association with the class of chemical elements known for their metallic properties.

Synonyms

  • Alloy
  • Element
  • Mineral
  • Substance
  • Metallic element
  • Steel
  • Copper
  • Iron

Antonyms

  • Nonmetal
  • Organic
  • Compound
  • Nonmetallic
  • Organic compound
  • Polymer
  • Covalent compound
  • Inorganic compound

Related

  • Metalloid
  • Metallic
  • Metallicity
  • Metallurgy
  • Metalworking
  • Metalware
  • Metallurgical
  • Metalwork

🌐 🇬🇧 METAL in other languages

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