Definition of GOLD


Gold is a noun that primarily refers to a chemical element with the symbol Au and atomic number 79, prized for its distinctive yellow color, malleability, ductility, and corrosion resistance. It can be understood in various contexts:

Chemical Element: In chemistry, gold (noun) denotes a noble metal belonging to the transition metal group, characterized by its dense, soft, and shiny appearance, along with its excellent conductivity of electricity and heat.

Atomic Structure: Gold atoms possess 79 protons and electrons, with varying numbers of neutrons in isotopes, forming compounds and alloys with other elements in chemical reactions.

Symbol of Wealth and Status: Throughout history, gold has been revered as a symbol of wealth, power, and prestige, serving as a medium of exchange, currency, and store of value in various civilizations and cultures.

Artistic and Decorative: Gold’s aesthetic appeal and rarity have made it a favored material for creating jewelry, ornaments, religious artifacts, and luxury items, showcasing craftsmanship and beauty in artistic expression.

Electronics and Technology: Gold’s exceptional conductivity and resistance to corrosion make it indispensable in electronics manufacturing, where it is used in circuitry, connectors, contacts, and bonding wires.

Medical and Biomedical: Gold nanoparticles have applications in medical diagnostics, drug delivery, and imaging techniques, offering unique properties for targeting specific cells or tissues in biomedical research and therapies.

Safe-Haven Asset: Gold is often viewed as a hedge against inflation, economic uncertainty, and currency devaluation, with investors purchasing gold bullion, coins, or exchange-traded funds (ETFs) as a store of value and portfolio diversification strategy.

In summary, gold is a noun that describes a chemical element prized for its distinctive properties, including its yellow color, malleability, conductivity, and corrosion resistance, with historical, cultural, industrial, technological, and financial significance.

Use examples of GOLD

  • The Olympic athlete proudly displayed the gold medal around their neck, symbolizing years of dedication and hard work.
  • Investors often view gold as a safe haven during times of economic uncertainty.
  • The ancient civilization revered gold for its rarity and beauty, using it to adorn temples and monuments.
  • She wore a delicate necklace adorned with a small gold pendant, a cherished family heirloom.
  • The sunset cast a warm, golden hue over the landscape, painting the sky with hues of orange and pink.
  • The treasure hunters embarked on an expedition in search of lost gold buried deep within the jungle.
  • The wedding band was crafted from gleaming gold, symbolizing the eternal bond between the couple.
  • The alchemist devoted his life to the pursuit of turning base metals into gold, seeking the secret of transmutation.

Origin of GOLD

The term gold has ancient linguistic origins, tracing back to Proto-Indo-European and beyond.

  • Proto-Indo-European Roots: The word “gold” has its roots in Proto-Indo-European, likely derived from the root ǵʰelh₃-, which meant “to shine” or “yellow.” This root gave rise to various cognates in different Indo-European languages, including the Latin “aurum” and the Greek “χρυσός” (chrysos).
  • Latin and Greek Influence: The Latin term “aurum” and the Greek term “χρυσός” both referred to the precious metal gold. These terms are cognates of the Sanskrit “हिरण्य” (hiraṇya) and the Old English “gold,” among others.
  • Historical Significance: Gold has held significant cultural, economic, and symbolic value throughout human history. It has been used for currency, jewelry, ornaments, and religious artifacts by various civilizations, including the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and Incas.
  • Modern Usage: In contemporary usage, “gold” refers to the chemical element with the atomic number 79 and the symbol Au. It retains its status as a valuable commodity, widely used in jewelry, electronics, and as a store of value.

The term gold thus reflects a linguistic journey from its Proto-Indo-European roots, through Latin and Greek influences, to its contemporary usage, where it signifies a precious metal with enduring cultural, economic, and symbolic significance.


  • Bullion
  • Aurum
  • Precious metal
  • Yellow metal
  • Bullion
  • Wealth
  • Treasure
  • Riches


  • Worthlessness
  • Base metal
  • Ordinary
  • Common
  • Cheap
  • Junk
  • Trash
  • Poverty


  • Precious metal
  • Jewelry
  • Mining
  • Investment
  • Currency
  • Alchemy
  • Karat
  • Placer

🌐 🇬🇧 GOLD in other languages

Terms of Use

Privacy & Cookies


Who We Are

Main Sections


Geographical Locations



Let´s Talk



® 2024