Definition of LANGUAGE


Language is a noun that primarily refers to a system of communication consisting of structured sequences of symbols, sounds, gestures, or written characters, used by humans to convey meaning, express ideas, and interact with others. It can be understood in various contexts:

Communication System: As a noun, language denotes a complex and structured communication system that enables individuals to encode, transmit, and decode information through the use of symbols, such as words, gestures, signs, or written characters.

Semantic Conventions: Languages are characterized by shared semantic and syntactic conventions, rules, and grammar, which govern the formation and interpretation of linguistic expressions, ensuring mutual understanding among speakers.

Cultural and Linguistic Diversity: Languages reflect the rich diversity of human cultures, societies, histories, and identities, with thousands of distinct languages spoken worldwide, each serving as a repository of collective knowledge, beliefs, traditions, and experiences.

Language Families: Languages are classified into language families and branches based on their historical, genetic, and structural relationships, such as the Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan, Afro-Asiatic, and Austronesian language families.

Expressive Medium: Language serves as a versatile and expressive medium for communication, allowing individuals to convey thoughts, emotions, intentions, instructions, narratives, and abstract concepts through spoken, written, or signed forms.

Social Interaction: Languages facilitate social interaction, cooperation, collaboration, and cultural exchange among individuals and communities, fostering relationships, solidarity, empathy, and shared experiences.

Language Acquisition: Psycholinguistic research examines how individuals acquire, learn, process, and use language, exploring cognitive mechanisms, developmental milestones, and individual differences in language acquisition and proficiency.

Neurological Basis: Language processing involves complex neurological mechanisms and brain networks, including regions such as Broca’s area and Wernicke’s area, which are specialized for language production and comprehension.

In summary, language is a noun that describes a fundamental system of communication used by humans, characterized by structured sequences of symbols, sounds, or gestures, with profound cultural, social, cognitive, and neurological implications, serving as a primary means of expression, interaction, and cultural transmission.

LANGUAGE in a sentence

  • English is a widely spoken language around the world.
  • She studied French as a second language in school.
  • Body language can convey a lot of information without words.
  • The programming language used in the project was Python.
  • Learning a new language can open up opportunities for travel and employment.
  • The book was translated into multiple languages for international audiences.
  • Sign language is used by people who are deaf or hard of hearing to communicate.
  • The language of poetry often employs metaphor and symbolism to convey meaning.

Origin of LANGUAGE

The word language has a complex etymology stemming from ancient roots. Here’s a simplified overview:

  • Latin Origins: The term “language” traces back to the Latin word “lingua,” which means “tongue” or “speech.” In ancient Rome, “lingua” referred to both the physical organ of speech and the act of speaking.
  • Proto-Indo-European Roots: The Latin word “lingua” itself has roots in the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) language, the reconstructed ancestor of the Indo-European language family. In PIE, the word *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s” referred to the concept of speech.
  • Evolution: Over time, the meaning of “language” broadened to encompass not just the act of speaking but also the entire system of communication used by a community, including spoken, written, and signed forms of expression.
  • Middle English and Modern Usage: The term was adopted into Middle English from Old French, where it underwent further evolution. In modern usage, “language” refers to a system of communication used by a particular community or nation, characterized by its vocabulary, grammar, syntax, and phonology.

Overall, the etymology of language reflects its ancient origins, its evolution through Latin and Old French, and its contemporary significance as a fundamental aspect of human communication and culture.


  • Tongue
  • Dialect
  • Vernacular
  • Speech
  • Communication
  • Lexicon
  • Lingo
  • Idiom


  • Silence
  • Noise
  • Inarticulateness
  • Muteness
  • Nonverbal
  • Wordlessness
  • Stammering
  • Speechlessness


  • Linguistics
  • Vocabulary
  • Grammar
  • Syntax
  • Phonetics
  • Bilingualism
  • Multilingualism
  • Semantics

🌐 🇬🇧 LANGUAGE in other languages

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