Definition of GOVERNMENT


Government is a noun that encompasses the system or institution responsible for governing a country, state, or community. It includes the elected or appointed officials, agencies, and institutions that exercise political authority, make and enforce laws, and manage public affairs on behalf of the populace.

As a noun, government refers to the collective body or system of governance within a political entity. It includes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, as well as various administrative agencies and departments responsible for implementing and enforcing laws and policies. Government establishes the framework for social order, public safety, and the provision of public services, playing a crucial role in shaping the political, economic, and social landscape of a society.

Legislative Branch: The legislative branch of government is responsible for making laws and policies. It typically consists of a parliament, congress, or similar legislative body composed of elected representatives who draft, debate, and vote on proposed legislation. The legislative process involves a series of steps, including committee hearings, floor debates, and voting, aimed at addressing societal issues and advancing the public interest.

Executive Branch: The executive branch of government is responsible for implementing and enforcing laws and policies. It is headed by the chief executive, such as a president, prime minister, or monarch, who oversees the day-to-day operations of the government and exercises executive authority. The executive branch includes various departments and agencies responsible for specific areas of governance, such as defense, foreign affairs, finance, and healthcare.

Judicial Branch: The judicial branch of government is responsible for interpreting laws and resolving legal disputes. It consists of courts and judges who adjudicate legal cases and ensure the fair and impartial administration of justice. The judiciary reviews the constitutionality of laws, interprets legal statutes, and resolves disputes between individuals, businesses, and government entities, thereby upholding the rule of law and protecting individual rights and liberties.

Federal, State, and Local Government: In many countries, government is organized into multiple levels, including federal, state, and local government. Federal government has authority over national affairs and issues of overarching importance, while state and local governments have jurisdiction over matters pertaining to their respective territories, such as education, transportation, and public safety. This division of powers allows for a distribution of authority and responsibilities tailored to the needs and preferences of diverse communities.

Democratic Principles: Government is often based on democratic principles, such as popular sovereignty, rule of law, and checks and balances, which ensure accountability, transparency, and responsiveness to the needs and interests of the populace. Democratic government relies on free and fair elections, respect for individual rights and freedoms, and mechanisms for citizen participation and representation to uphold democratic values and principles.

In conclusion, government encompasses the system or institution responsible for governing a country, state, or community. It consists of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, as well as various administrative agencies and departments, which work together to establish laws, implement policies, and administer public affairs. Government plays a crucial role in shaping the political, economic, and social landscape of society, and its effectiveness depends on adherence to democratic principles, accountability, and responsiveness to the needs of the populace.

Examples of GOVERNMENT in a sentence

  • The government implemented new policies to address the economic downturn.
  • Citizens rely on the government to provide essential services such as healthcare and education.
  • The government declared a state of emergency in response to the natural disaster.
  • The government invested in infrastructure projects to improve transportation and communication networks.
  • The government faced criticism for its handling of the crisis, prompting calls for reform.
  • The government officials met with representatives from various sectors to discuss policy changes.
  • The government released a statement outlining its plans for environmental conservation.
  • The government enacted legislation to protect the rights and freedoms of its citizens.


The term government emerges from a rich linguistic heritage, tracing its roots back to ancient Latin and the word “gubernare,” meaning “to steer” or “to govern.” This etymological journey highlights the foundational role of governance in societal structures and underscores the evolving nature of the term across centuries.

  • Etymology and Origins: The term government finds its linguistic origins in Latin, specifically from the word “gubernare,” which denotes the act of steering or governing. This Latin term transitioned into Old French as “governement” before solidifying into “government” in Middle English.
  • Middle Ages to Modern English: During the Middle Ages, the term government gained prominence in English, mirroring the evolving political landscapes of the time. Initially, it referred primarily to the process of governing, encompassing the administration and management of public affairs.
  • Contemporary English Usage: In present-day usage, government typically refers to the system or institution responsible for governing a community, state, or nation. It encompasses the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, along with various administrative bodies and agencies. Additionally, government can denote the body of individuals holding political authority within a specific entity.

The term government stands as a testament to the enduring significance of governance in human societies, embodying the complexities inherent in political systems. From its ancient Latin roots to its modern-day usage, the word reflects the intricate web of power, responsibility, and societal organization that defines the concept of governance.


  • Administration
  • Regime
  • Authority
  • Rule
  • Leadership
  • Management
  • Control
  • Governance


  • Anarchy
  • Chaos
  • Disorder
  • Lawlessness
  • Rebellion
  • Revolt
  • Dissent
  • Uprising


  • Politics
  • Public Administration
  • Statecraft
  • Sovereignty
  • Bureaucracy
  • Jurisdiction
  • Legislation
  • Policy-maker

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