Definition of ELECTRIC FIELD


Electric Field is a noun that denotes a region in space surrounding electrically charged particles or objects, where electric forces are exerted on other charged particles or objects within that space. Here are several key aspects related to the term:

Force Field of Electric Charges An electric field is generated by electrically charged particles, such as electrons or protons. Charged particles create a force field around them, extending into the surrounding space. The electric field represents the influence or effect that these charged particles have on other charged particles or objects placed within their vicinity.

Direction and Magnitude The electric field at any point within the region is characterized by its direction and magnitude. The direction of the electric field at a particular point indicates the direction in which a positive test charge would experience a force if placed at that point. The magnitude of the electric field determines the strength of the electric force exerted on a test charge at that point.

Vector Quantity Electric field is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude and direction. It is typically represented by electric field lines or vectors that indicate the direction of the force experienced by a positive test charge placed in the field. The density of electric field lines corresponds to the strength of the electric field, with denser lines indicating stronger fields.

Interaction with Charges Charged particles within an electric field experience a force proportional to the strength of the field and the magnitude of their charge. Positively charged particles move in the direction of the electric field, while negatively charged particles move in the opposite direction. The electric field mediates the interaction between charged particles, influencing their motion and behavior.

In summary, an electric field is a region in space where electric forces are exerted on charged particles or objects. It is characterized by its direction and magnitude, representing the influence of electrically charged particles on their surroundings. Electric fields play a fundamental role in understanding the behavior of charged particles and are essential in various areas of physics and engineering.

Examples of ELECTRIC FIELD in a sentence

  • Physicists study the interaction between charged particles and the electric field.
  • Engineers use simulations to model the behavior of electrons in an electric field.
  • A lightning rod is designed to dissipate the electric field around a building during a storm.
  • The concept of an electric field is fundamental in understanding the principles of electromagnetism.
  • The strength and direction of an electric field can be visualized using field lines.
  • Birds can detect changes in the Earth’s electric field, allowing them to navigate during migration.
  • Electric eels generate an electric field to stun prey and defend themselves from predators.
  • Researchers are exploring ways to manipulate the electric field to enhance energy storage in batteries.

Etymology Origin of ELECTRIC FIELD

The term electric field finds its linguistic roots in the intersection of physics and mathematics, revealing insights into its etymological origins.

  • Physics and Mathematics: “Electric” stems from the Latin word “electricus,” which referred to “amber” or “amber-like.” Ancient Greeks discovered that when amber was rubbed with fur, it acquired the ability to attract small objects. This phenomenon was termed “electron” in Greek, which eventually led to the modern term “electricity.” “Field” in the context of physics refers to a region of influence or force associated with a particular physical quantity.
  • Development of the Concept: The concept of the electric field emerged in the 19th century with the formulation of Maxwell’s equations, which describe the behavior of electric and magnetic fields. The electric field is a fundamental concept in physics, representing the force exerted on a charged particle by other charged particles in its vicinity.
  • Etymological Combination: In “electric field,” the fusion of “electric” and “field” signifies the region surrounding electrically charged objects where electric forces are exerted on other charged particles. This term encapsulates the concept of influence and force associated with electrically charged entities.

The term electric field thus reveals its etymological origins, highlighting its linkage to ancient Greek and Latin terms related to electricity and the concept of a region of influence in physics.


  • Electrostatic field
  • Electric force field
  • Electric flux field
  • Electromagnetic field
  • Electric gradient
  • Electrical field
  • Electrodynamic field
  • Electric potential field


  • Magnetic field
  • Gravitational field
  • Thermal field
  • Acoustic field
  • Radiation field
  • Biological field
  • Optical field
  • Quantum field


  • Electric charge
  • Voltage
  • Coulomb’s law
  • Electric potential
  • Electric dipole
  • Electric flux
  • Field lines
  • Capacitor

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