Discrimination operates as a noun and a concept, encompassing the unjust or prejudicial treatment of individuals or groups based on characteristics such as race, ethnicity, gender, religion, or socio-economic status. Whether used as a noun or a concept, it embodies the act of making distinctions or differentiating unfairly between individuals or groups.

As a noun, discrimination refers to the systemic or individual acts of prejudice, bias, or unfair treatment directed against individuals or groups perceived as different or inferior based on certain characteristics. It manifests in various forms, including institutional policies, social practices, or interpersonal behaviors that perpetuate inequality and marginalization.

Forms of Discrimination: Discrimination may take many forms, including racial discrimination, gender discrimination, religious discrimination, age discrimination, or discrimination based on disability, sexual orientation, or socio-economic status. It can occur overtly through explicit acts of bias or covertly through implicit biases, stereotypes, or microaggressions.

Impact and Consequences: The impact of discrimination extends beyond individual experiences to encompass broader social, economic, and psychological consequences. It contributes to inequalities in access to opportunities, resources, and rights, perpetuating cycles of disadvantage, exclusion, and social injustice for marginalized groups.

Legal and Human Rights Frameworks: Legal and human rights frameworks aim to address and combat discrimination by prohibiting discriminatory practices and promoting equality, diversity, and inclusion. International conventions, national laws, and institutional policies establish safeguards against discrimination and provide avenues for redress and accountability for victims.

Intersectionality: The concept of intersectionality recognizes that individuals may experience multiple forms of discrimination or oppression based on intersecting identities and social categories. Intersectional approaches to understanding discrimination highlight the interconnectedness of race, gender, class, sexuality, and other dimensions of identity in shaping experiences of inequality and marginalization.

Combatting Discrimination: Efforts to combat discrimination require multifaceted strategies addressing structural inequalities, implicit biases, and systemic barriers to inclusion and social justice. These may include education and awareness-raising, policy reforms, affirmative action measures, diversity and inclusion initiatives, and grassroots activism to challenge prejudice and promote solidarity.

In conclusion, discrimination as a noun and a concept embodies the unjust or prejudicial treatment of individuals or groups based on certain characteristics or identities. Whether manifested through institutional policies, social practices, or individual behaviors, discrimination perpetuates inequalities, marginalization, and social exclusion. Addressing discrimination requires collective action, legal protections, and social change efforts to foster a more equitable, inclusive, and just society for all individuals, regardless of their backgrounds or identities.

Examples of DISCRIMINATION in a sentence

  • Discrimination based on race or gender is illegal in many countries.
  • The company has a zero-tolerance policy for discrimination in the workplace.
  • Social justice movements aim to address systemic discrimination in society.
  • Discrimination against individuals with disabilities is a violation of human rights.
  • He faced discrimination when applying for jobs due to his age.
  • The school implemented diversity training to combat discrimination among students.
  • Discrimination in housing can perpetuate segregation and inequality.
  • Discrimination against marginalized communities remains a significant societal issue.


The term “discrimination” comes from the Latin word “discriminatio,” derived from “discriminare,” which means “to separate” or “to distinguish.” Here’s the breakdown:

  • Discriminare (Latin): Referring to “to separate” or “to distinguish.”
  • Discriminatio (Latin): Noun form of “discriminare,” indicating the act of separating or distinguishing.
  • Discrimination (Modern English): Borrowed from Latin, retaining the original sense of making a distinction or differentiation, but in modern usage, primarily referring to unfair or prejudicial treatment based on characteristics such as race, gender, religion, or age.

Therefore, “discrimination” originally described the act of making distinctions or differentiations, but it now primarily denotes unfair or prejudicial treatment towards certain groups or individuals based on their perceived differences.


  • Bias
  • Prejudice
  • Bigotry
  • Intolerance
  • Racism
  • Sexism
  • Exclusion
  • Inequity


  • Equality
  • Fairness
  • Inclusivity
  • Acceptance
  • Equity
  • Justice
  • Respect
  • Tolerance


  • Stereotyping
  • Marginalization
  • Social Justice
  • Diversity
  • Equal Opportunity
  • Human Rights
  • Implicit Bias
  • Civil Rights

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