Definition of WEEK


Week is a noun that refers to a period of seven consecutive days, typically starting on Sunday and ending on Saturday, used as a unit of time measurement in calendars and schedules.

As a noun, a week represents a standardized timeframe commonly used in various contexts, including work schedules, academic calendars, and personal planning. It is divided into seven days, each with its own name (e.g., Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, etc.), and serves as a fundamental unit for organizing and scheduling activities, events, and tasks.

Time Measurement: In calendars and timekeeping systems, a week provides a convenient way to organize and structure time, allowing for the measurement and coordination of activities over a recurring cycle. Weeks are often grouped into larger units such as months and years, providing a hierarchical framework for tracking time intervals and scheduling appointments, deadlines, and events.

Work and Business: In the context of work and business, the week serves as a common timeframe for planning and executing tasks, projects, and operations. Workweeks typically follow a Monday-to-Friday schedule in many countries, with weekends designated for rest and leisure. The concept of the workweek influences employment practices, labor laws, and business operations, shaping patterns of productivity, downtime, and work-life balance.

Education and Academic Calendars: In educational settings, academic calendars are structured around the week, with classes, assignments, and exams organized according to a weekly schedule. Students and educators rely on the regular cadence of the week to manage coursework, study sessions, and academic commitments, ensuring a systematic approach to learning and academic progress.

Recurring Patterns and Routines: The week provides a framework for establishing recurring patterns and routines in daily life, from exercise regimens and meal planning to household chores and social activities. By dividing time into manageable units, the week helps individuals establish habits, set goals, and maintain a sense of structure and discipline in their daily routines.

Cultural and Religious Significance: In many cultures and religions, the week holds cultural and religious significance, with certain days designated for observance, worship, or rest. For example, Sunday is considered a holy day in Christianity, while Friday is regarded as a special day of prayer in Islam. These cultural and religious observances influence social customs, traditions, and community practices associated with specific days of the week.

In conclusion, the week is a fundamental unit of time measurement that plays a central role in organizing and structuring various aspects of daily life, work, and culture. Whether used for scheduling appointments, coordinating activities, or observing cultural traditions, the week provides a recurring cycle that shapes our routines, habits, and social interactions. As a practical and symbolic measure of time, the week serves as a universal reference point that helps individuals and societies navigate the complexities of modern life and maintain a sense of order and rhythm in the passage of time.

Examples of WEEK in a sentence

  • She planned to finish the project by the end of the week to meet the deadline.
  • Every week, they held a team meeting to discuss progress and upcoming tasks.
  • He looked forward to his weekend getaway, eager to relax and unwind.
  • The week flew by quickly, filled with busy schedules and important meetings.
  • They decided to schedule the meeting for next week to accommodate everyone’s availability.
  • She made a commitment to exercise at least three times a week to improve her fitness.
  • The company implemented a four-day work week to improve employee satisfaction and productivity.
  • They celebrated their anniversary with a romantic dinner at their favorite restaurant, reminiscing about the past week.

Etymology of WEEK

Originating from Proto-Indo-European roots, the term week has undergone a linguistic evolution, transitioning through Old English and Germanic languages before settling into its contemporary usage in English.

  • Proto-Indo-European Origins: The term week traces back to Proto-Indo-European origins, likely connected to the concept of “to bend” or “to turn.” This root laid the foundation for the development of words related to time measurement and cyclic patterns.
  • Old English and Germanic Development: In Old English, the word “wice” or “wice,” derived from the Proto-Germanic “wikō,” denoted a period of seven days. Similarly, in other Germanic languages, such as Old High German “wecha,” the term referred to the same time interval.
  • Middle English Transition: As Old English transitioned into Middle English, the term week retained its original meaning of a seven-day period. During this period, the seven-day week became firmly established in European calendars, reflecting both religious and astronomical influences.
  • Modern English Usage: In modern usage, week refers to a standardized period of seven days, widely used in calendars and timekeeping systems. It is a fundamental unit of time measurement, providing a framework for organizing schedules, planning activities, and tracking events.

From its Proto-Indo-European roots through Old English and into Modern English usage, the term week embodies humanity’s enduring need to organize and measure time, reflecting the cyclic nature of life and the passage of days.


  • Seven days
  • Workweek
  • Seven-day period
  • Weekly cycle
  • Period of seven days
  • Seven-day stretch
  • Seven-day interval
  • Weekly timeframe


  • Day
  • Month
  • Fortnight
  • Year
  • Decade
  • Century
  • Eternity
  • Moment


  • Calendar
  • Time
  • Scheduling
  • Routine
  • Planning
  • Weekend
  • Days of the week
  • Timeframe

🌐 🇬🇧 WEEK in other languages

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