Definition of TROPICS


The tropics refer to the region of Earth surrounding the equator, characterized by warm temperatures, abundant sunlight, and diverse ecosystems. This broad geographical zone, spanning approximately 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south latitude, experiences relatively consistent climatic conditions throughout the year.

Geographical Scope: The tropics encompass a vast expanse of land and water, including continents such as Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia, as well as numerous islands and archipelagos scattered across the equatorial belt. This region is home to some of the world’s most biodiverse and ecologically significant habitats, including tropical rainforests, coral reefs, and savannas.

Climatic Characteristics: The defining climatic feature of the tropics is its warm and humid conditions, with temperatures typically ranging between 20°C (68°F) and 35°C (95°F) year-round. The proximity to the equator results in relatively consistent day length and sunlight intensity, contributing to the proliferation of lush vegetation and high rates of photosynthesis.

Biodiversity Hotspot: The tropics harbor an extraordinary array of plant and animal species, accounting for the majority of Earth’s biodiversity. Tropical rainforests, in particular, are renowned for their unparalleled species richness and ecological complexity, supporting millions of species, many of which are found nowhere else on the planet.

Cultural Diversity: Beyond its ecological significance, the tropics are also home to diverse human cultures, languages, and traditions. Indigenous peoples have inhabited these regions for millennia, developing unique societies and adaptive strategies to thrive in tropical environments. Today, the tropics are characterized by a rich tapestry of ethnicities, religions, and cultural practices.

Environmental Challenges: Despite their ecological importance, the tropics face numerous environmental challenges, including deforestation, habitat loss, and climate change. Human activities such as logging, agriculture, and urbanization have led to widespread degradation of tropical ecosystems, threatening the survival of countless species and indigenous communities.

Research and Conservation: Recognizing the critical importance of tropical ecosystems, scientists, conservationists, and policymakers are increasingly focused on research and conservation efforts aimed at preserving these valuable habitats. Initiatives range from protected area management and sustainable land use practices to international agreements and community-based conservation projects.

In conclusion, the tropics represent a dynamic and biologically rich region of our planet, characterized by warm climates, diverse ecosystems, and vibrant cultures. While facing significant environmental pressures, these vital ecosystems play a crucial role in global biodiversity conservation and climate regulation, underscoring the need for concerted efforts to protect and sustainably manage the tropics for future generations.

Examples of TROPICS in a sentence

  • The lush vegetation and warm climate of the tropics make it a popular destination for vacationers.
  • Many species of colorful birds are native to the tropics, where they thrive in the diverse ecosystems.
  • Living in the tropics often means dealing with high humidity and frequent rainfall.
  • Scientists study the biodiversity of the tropics to better understand the interconnectedness of ecosystems.
  • Hurricanes and typhoons frequently occur in the tropics, fueled by warm ocean waters.
  • Tourists flock to the tropics to explore coral reefs and observe marine life in their natural habitats.
  • Agriculture is a significant industry in the tropics, where farmers grow crops such as bananas, sugarcane, and coffee.
  • Many indigenous cultures have developed unique traditions and customs in the tropics, influenced by their natural surroundings.

Origin of TROPICS

The term tropics has its etymological roots in Greek and Latin, providing insights into its linguistic origins.

  • Semantic Context: The tropics refer to the region of the Earth surrounding the equator, characterized by warm climates, lush vegetation, and distinctive ecological features.
  • Greek Influence: The term “tropics” originates from the Greek word “tropikos,” meaning “of or pertaining to the solstice.” In Greek, it denoted the area of the Earth where the Sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky during the solstices.
  • Latin Formation: “Tropics” was formed in Latin, deriving from the Latin word “tropicus,” which also referred to the region of the Earth near the equator where the Sun appears to “turn back” during the solstices.
  • Cultural Connotations: Tropics carry cultural connotations of exoticism, biodiversity, and paradisiacal landscapes, as well as associations with tropical climates, beaches, and lush rainforests.
  • Usage in Context: “Tropics” is commonly used in geographic, climatological, and ecological contexts to describe the region of the Earth between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, as well as in discussions surrounding tropical weather patterns, ecosystems, and biodiversity.

The term tropics reflects its origins in Greek and Latin, highlighting its significance in describing the equatorial region of the Earth characterized by warm climates, diverse ecosystems, and unique environmental features.


  • Tropic zone
  • Tropical region
  • Equatorial region
  • Torrid zone
  • Tropical belt
  • Tropical area
  • Tropic latitudes
  • Tropics


  • Polar regions
  • Temperate zones
  • Arctic
  • Antarctic
  • Subpolar
  • Subtropical
  • Cold climates
  • Temperate latitudes


  • Tropical climate
  • Rainforest
  • Monsoon
  • Tropical cyclone
  • Equator
  • Heat
  • Humidity
  • Exotic fruits

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