Definition of SULPHURIC ACID


Sulphuric acid is a noun referring to a highly corrosive and strong mineral acid with the chemical formula H₂SO₄. It is colorless, odorless, and oily liquid that is soluble in water and highly reactive, commonly used in industrial processes, chemical synthesis, and laboratory applications.

Industrial Applications: Sulphuric acid is widely used in various industrial processes, including the production of fertilizers, detergents, pharmaceuticals, and explosives. It serves as a vital component in the manufacturing of chemicals, metals, plastics, and textiles, contributing to numerous industrial sectors.

Chemical Synthesis: In chemical synthesis, sulphuric acid is employed as a catalyst or reagent in numerous reactions, such as the synthesis of synthetic polymers, petroleum refining, and the production of various organic and inorganic compounds. Its strong acidic properties make it a versatile and indispensable compound in chemical manufacturing.

Laboratory Applications: Sulphuric acid is commonly used in laboratory settings for various purposes, including pH adjustment, titration, and as a dehydrating agent. It is utilized in analytical chemistry, research, and experimentation due to its ability to react with a wide range of substances and its strong acid-base properties.

Corrosive Properties: One of the defining characteristics of sulphuric acid is its highly corrosive nature, capable of causing severe burns upon contact with skin or tissues. Proper handling, storage, and safety precautions are essential when working with concentrated solutions of sulphuric acid to prevent accidents and ensure personal safety.

Environmental Impact: The production and use of sulphuric acid can have environmental implications, particularly in terms of air and water pollution. Emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO₂) during manufacturing processes contribute to air pollution and acid rain, while improper disposal of waste acid can contaminate soil and water sources.

Sulphuric acid is a highly corrosive and versatile mineral acid widely used in industrial processes, chemical synthesis, and laboratory applications. Its importance extends across various sectors, from manufacturing to research, although proper handling and environmental stewardship are essential to mitigate its potential hazards and impacts.

Examples of SULPHURIC ACID in a sentence

  • Sulphuric acid is commonly used in the production of fertilizers, batteries, and detergents.
  • Sulphuric acid is a strong mineral acid with the chemical formula H₂SO₄.
  • Industrial processes often involve the use of sulphuric acid for cleaning, refining, and etching metals.
  • Batteries, both lead-acid and lithium-ion, rely on sulphuric acid as an electrolyte to facilitate chemical reactions.
  • In laboratories, researchers may utilize sulphuric acid as a reagent in various chemical reactions and analyses.
  • Accidental spills of sulphuric acid require immediate neutralization and cleanup due to its corrosive nature.
  • The production of paper and textiles involves the use of sulphuric acid in the treatment of raw materials.
  • The contact of skin or eyes with concentrated sulphuric acid can cause severe burns and permanent damage.


The term sulfuric acid has a straightforward etymology related to its composition and historical context. Here’s a breakdown:

  • Sulfur: The term “sulfuric” originates from the element sulfur (or sulphur), which is a chemical element with the symbol “S” and atomic number 16. Sulfur has been known since ancient times and has various uses in industry, chemistry, and other fields.
  • Acid: The term “acid” refers to a substance with properties such as sour taste, the ability to turn litmus paper red, and the ability to react with bases to form salts. Acids are characterized by the presence of hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water.
  • Sulfuric Acid Composition: Sulfuric acid (or sulphuric acid) is a strong mineral acid with the chemical formula H2SO4. It is composed of hydrogen (H), sulfur (S), and oxygen (O) atoms. Sulfuric acid is one of the most important industrial chemicals and is used in the production of fertilizers, chemicals, detergents, and batteries, among other applications.
  • Etymology: The term sulfuric acid simply combines the name of the element sulfur with the word “acid” to describe the chemical compound composed of sulfur, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms with acidic properties.

Overall, the etymology of sulfuric acid reflects its composition and its importance in various industrial processes, as well as its historical significance in chemistry and manufacturing.


  • Sulfuric acid
  • Oil of vitriol (historical term)
  • Battery acid
  • Vitriol
  • Aqua fortis (historical term)
  • Oleum
  • Hydrogen sulfate
  • H2SO4


  • Base
  • Alkali
  • Neutralizer
  • Alkalinity
  • Basicity
  • Neutral
  • Acid
  • Acidifier


  • Acid
  • Chemical
  • Corrosive
  • Concentration
  • Reaction
  • Industrial process
  • pH level
  • Safety Goggles

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