Definition of PRIVATE

PRIVATE Adjective

Private is primarily an adjective in the English language, describing something that is personal, confidential, or not for public knowledge or observation. It denotes exclusivity, secrecy, or restricted access to information, spaces, or resources, often pertaining to individual autonomy, privacy, or discretion.

Personal or Confidential: As an adjective, private refers to matters, information, or affairs that are considered personal, intimate, or confidential to individuals or groups. It may include personal thoughts, feelings, relationships, or activities that individuals choose to keep private from others.

Restricted Access or Exclusivity: Private also conveys the idea of restricted access or exclusivity, indicating that something is not open to public scrutiny, observation, or participation. It may refer to private property, private events, or private spaces that are reserved for specific individuals or groups and not accessible to the general public.

Individual Autonomy and Discretion: Private implies a degree of individual autonomy and discretion in controlling access to personal information, spaces, or resources. It reflects the right to privacy and the ability to make decisions about what information to share, with whom, and under what circumstances.

Secrecy or Confidentiality: Private may also suggest an element of secrecy or confidentiality, particularly when it comes to sensitive or privileged information that is shared only among trusted individuals or kept confidential to protect privacy, security, or legal interests.

Privacy Rights and Protections: The concept of privacy is enshrined in legal frameworks and ethical principles that recognize individuals’ rights to control their personal information and protect their privacy from intrusion, surveillance, or exploitation. Private spaces, communications, and data are afforded legal protections to safeguard individuals’ privacy rights and autonomy.

Balancing Privacy and Transparency: While privacy is important for preserving autonomy, dignity, and personal boundaries, it must be balanced with considerations of transparency, accountability, and public interest in certain contexts. Striking a balance between privacy rights and transparency is essential for promoting trust, accountability, and ethical behavior in society.

Private, as an adjective, describes something that is personal, confidential, or not for public knowledge or observation, implying exclusivity, secrecy, or restricted access. Whether pertaining to personal matters, spaces, or information, privacy is essential for preserving individual autonomy, dignity, and control over personal information in an increasingly interconnected and digitized world.

Examples of PRIVATE in a sentence

  • The company has strict rules about accessing private information.
  • They enjoyed a private dinner in a secluded restaurant.
  • The mansion had a private beach for its residents.
  • He kept his personal affairs private from his colleagues.
  • The celebrity lived a private life away from the spotlight.
  • The hotel offers private suites with panoramic views of the city.
  • The party rented a private room for their celebration.
  • She received a private briefing on the upcoming project.

Origin of PRIVATE

The term private embarks on a linguistic journey, tracing its origins through centuries of societal development and cultural adaptation. Rooted in Latin influence, it has evolved into a versatile term that signifies exclusivity, individuality, and confidentiality.

  • Latin Roots: The word private finds its roots in the Latin term “privatus,” derived from “privare,” meaning “to deprive” or “to separate.” In ancient Rome, it denoted individuals who were not part of the ruling elite or who chose to withdraw from public life for personal reasons.
  • Medieval and Renaissance Development: During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, the term private came to signify personal ownership or possession, as opposed to communal or public property. It was associated with individuals’ rights to personal space, property, and autonomy, separate from governmental or communal control.
  • Legal and Political Connotations: In legal and political contexts, private acquired additional meanings related to individual rights, freedoms, and responsibilities. It distinguished between private individuals or entities and governmental or public institutions, emphasizing the importance of personal autonomy and privacy.
  • Contemporary Usage: In contemporary usage, private encompasses a wide range of meanings and applications across various domains. It can refer to personal or confidential matters, such as private conversations or private property. Additionally, it is used to describe non-governmental organizations, businesses, or institutions that are privately owned or operated.

Private stands as a term that reflects the fundamental aspects of personal autonomy, ownership, and confidentiality in society. From its Latin origins to its modern-day applications, the word embodies the enduring human desire for individuality, privacy, and personal agency.


  • Confidential
  • Personal
  • Secret
  • Exclusive
  • Secluded
  • Intimate
  • Privileged
  • Hidden


  • Public
  • Open
  • Shared
  • Transparent
  • Revealed
  • Accessible
  • Exposed
  • Known


  • Privacy
  • Privately
  • Secrecy
  • Confidentiality
  • Seclusion
  • Intimacy
  • Exclusivity
  • Seclusion

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