Parliamentarism is primarily a noun referring to a system of government in which the executive branch derives its legitimacy from, and is accountable to, the legislature (parliament). It can also describe the principles, practices, or norms associated with parliamentary government.

System of Government: Parliamentarism denotes a form of governance where the executive branch, typically headed by a prime minister or chancellor, is elected from and accountable to the legislative body, often called the parliament or assembly. This system emphasizes the role of the legislature in shaping and overseeing the executive’s actions and policies.

Executive-Legislative Relationship: In parliamentarism, the executive branch is responsible to the legislature and can be removed through a vote of no confidence or other parliamentary mechanisms. This close relationship between the executive and legislative branches fosters cooperation, accountability, and responsiveness to the electorate.

Key Features: The key features of parliamentarism include the fusion of powers between the executive and legislative branches, collective responsibility of the cabinet to the parliament, and the dominance of the majority party or coalition in forming the government. These features distinguish it from presidential or semi-presidential systems.

Historical Context: Parliamentarism has historical roots in the development of democratic governance, particularly in countries like the United Kingdom, where the Westminster model serves as a blueprint for many parliamentary systems around the world. It has evolved over centuries to accommodate diverse political contexts and institutional arrangements.

Comparative Analysis: Parliamentarism is often compared to other systems of government, such as presidentialism and semi-presidentialism, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses in terms of stability, accountability, and representation. Scholars and policymakers study the performance of parliamentary democracies to understand their dynamics and outcomes.

Contemporary Application: Parliamentarism is widely practiced in various countries across Europe, Asia, Africa, and beyond, each with its own institutional variations and historical legacies. It remains a prevalent form of government, valued for its flexibility, adaptability, and emphasis on consensus-building and compromise.

Democratic Principles: Parliamentarism is grounded in democratic principles, including popular sovereignty, political pluralism, and the rule of law. It provides mechanisms for peaceful transfers of power, checks and balances, and the protection of individual rights and freedoms within the framework of representative democracy.

In conclusion, parliamentarism is a noun describing a system of government where the executive branch derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature. It encompasses historical traditions, institutional arrangements, and democratic practices aimed at fostering effective governance, representation, and political stability. As a cornerstone of modern democracy, parliamentarism continues to shape political landscapes and governances worldwide.

Examples of PARLIAMENTARISM in a sentence

  • In countries with parliamentarism, the legislative branch holds significant power in shaping government policies.
  • The principles of parliamentarism emphasize the accountability of elected representatives to the people.
  • Parliamentarism promotes the idea of checks and balances within government institutions.
  • The evolution of parliamentarism in Europe played a crucial role in the development of democratic governance.
  • Some argue that the party system is essential for the functioning of parliamentarism.
  • The British system of parliamentarism serves as a model for many other democracies around the world.
  • Critics of parliamentarism often point to challenges such as party polarization and executive dominance.
  • The adoption of parliamentarism in newly formed democracies requires careful consideration of historical context and institutional design.


The term tropics has its etymological roots in Greek and Latin, providing insights into its linguistic origins.

  • Semantic Context: The tropics refer to the region of the Earth surrounding the equator, characterized by warm climates, lush vegetation, and distinctive ecological features.
  • Greek Influence: The term “tropics” originates from the Greek word “tropikos,” meaning “of or pertaining to the solstice.” In Greek, it denoted the area of the Earth where the Sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky during the solstices.
  • Latin Formation: “Tropics” was formed in Latin, deriving from the Latin word “tropicus,” which also referred to the region of the Earth near the equator where the Sun appears to “turn back” during the solstices.
  • Cultural Connotations: Tropics carry cultural connotations of exoticism, biodiversity, and paradisiacal landscapes, as well as associations with tropical climates, beaches, and lush rainforests.
  • Usage in Context: “Tropics” is commonly used in geographic, climatological, and ecological contexts to describe the region of the Earth between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, as well as in discussions surrounding tropical weather patterns, ecosystems, and biodiversity.

The term tropics reflects its origins in Greek and Latin, highlighting its significance in describing the equatorial region of the Earth characterized by warm climates, diverse ecosystems, and unique environmental features.


  • Parliamentary system
  • Parliamentary government
  • Parliamentary democracy
  • Westminster system
  • Representative democracy
  • Democratic governance
  • Constitutional democracy
  • Legislative democracy


  • Dictatorship
  • Autocracy
  • Totalitarianism
  • Oligarchy
  • Monarchy
  • Despotism
  • Tyranny


  • Parliament
  • Legislature
  • Representative assembly
  • Separation of powers
  • Checks and balances
  • Prime minister
  • Cabinet
  • Legislative branch

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