Definition of GREEK

GREEK Adjective and Noun

Greek serves as both an adjective and a noun, primarily associated with Greece, its people, language, culture, or anything related to the ancient or modern civilization of Greece. This term carries historical, cultural, and linguistic significance, encompassing a wide range of aspects related to Greece and its influence on various fields.

GREEK as an adjective

As an adjective, Greek describes anything related to Greece, its people, language, culture, or characteristics. It can denote attributes, traditions, or artifacts associated with the ancient or modern Greek civilization, including art, architecture, literature, philosophy, mythology, cuisine, and customs. Additionally, Greek may be used to describe individuals of Greek descent or anything originating from or influenced by Greek culture.

Ancient Greek Civilization: The adjective Greek often evokes associations with the ancient Greek civilization, renowned for its significant contributions to philosophy, democracy, literature, art, and science. Ancient Greeks developed foundational principles in various fields, such as the works of philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, the epic poems of Homer, and the architectural marvels of the Acropolis in Athens. Their cultural and intellectual legacy continues to influence Western thought and civilization.

Modern Greek Culture: In a contemporary context, Greek may refer to aspects of modern Greek culture, including traditions, customs, and practices observed by the Greek people today. This encompasses culinary traditions, religious festivals, folk music and dance, as well as contemporary contributions in literature, music, film, and other artistic endeavors. Modern Greek culture reflects a blend of historical heritage and contemporary influences, maintaining a strong sense of identity and pride among Greeks worldwide.

Greek Language: The term Greek is also associated with the Greek language, one of the oldest languages in the world with a rich literary and linguistic heritage. Greek is spoken by millions of people globally and has contributed numerous words and phrases to various languages, particularly English, through its influence on science, philosophy, and culture. The Greek alphabet, with its distinctive characters, is still used today and holds symbolic importance in various academic and cultural contexts.

Greek Diaspora: Beyond Greece itself, the Greek diaspora refers to communities of people of Greek descent living in other parts of the world. These diasporic communities have preserved and adapted elements of Greek culture, language, and traditions while contributing to the cultural diversity and heritage of their adopted countries. Greek communities around the world often maintain strong ties to their ancestral homeland, fostering connections through cultural events, organizations, and initiatives.

GREEK as a noun

As a noun, Greek refers to a person belonging to the ethnic group originating from Greece, or the citizens of Greece as a collective entity. It encompasses the population, heritage, and identity of the Greek people, both within Greece and across the global Greek diaspora. The term highlights the shared cultural, historical, and linguistic heritage that unites individuals of Greek descent, contributing to a sense of community and belonging.

In conclusion, “Greek” as both an adjective and a noun encompasses a broad range of associations related to Greece, its people, language, culture, and civilization. From the ancient achievements of classical Greece to the vibrant traditions of modern Greek culture, the term reflects a rich and enduring legacy that continues to shape global perspectives and influence various aspects of contemporary life. Whether referring to ancient philosophical concepts, modern cultural practices, or the Greek language itself, “Greek” carries significant historical, cultural, and linguistic importance.

Examples of GREEK in a sentence

GREEK as an adjective in a sentence

  • The restaurant served a delicious Greek salad with feta cheese and olives.
  • She wore a beautiful Greek gown to the costume party, inspired by ancient fashion.
  • The philosopher Aristotle was a prominent figure in Greek philosophy.
  • The Greek alphabet has been used for centuries and influenced many other writing systems.
  • The play was performed in the style of a Greek tragedy, with themes of fate and hubris.
  • The painter depicted scenes from Greek mythology in his artwork, capturing the drama and beauty of the stories.
  • The Greek chorus provided commentary on the events unfolding on stage.
  • The architecture of the building was inspired by Greek temples, with columns and pediments.

GREEK as a noun in a sentence

  • She studied ancient Greek in college, fascinated by the culture and language.
  • The restaurant specialized in authentic Greek cuisine, serving dishes like moussaka and souvlaki.
  • He was proud of his Greek heritage and often shared stories of his ancestors.
  • The history class covered major events in Greek civilization, such as the Trojan War and the rise of democracy.
  • The Greek language has a rich literary tradition dating back thousands of years.
  • The museum featured artifacts from ancient Greek society, including pottery and sculptures.
  • The tour guide explained the significance of the Greek gods and goddesses in mythology.
  • The athlete represented her country in the Greek Olympics, competing in the javelin throw.

Etymology of GREEK

The term Greek originates from the Latin word “Graecus,” derived from the Greek word “Graikos.” Here’s the breakdown:

  • Graikos: The term used by ancient Romans to refer to the people of Greece or their language, culture, and civilization.
  • Graecus: Latin adaptation of the Greek term “Graikos.” It became the Latin word for anything related to Greece, its people, language, culture, or civilization.

Therefore, Greek refers to anything associated with Greece, its people, language, culture, or civilization. It can denote the Greek language, Greek culture, Greek mythology, or anything originating from or related to Greece. The term emphasizes the historical and cultural significance of ancient Greece and its enduring influence on Western civilization.


  • Hellenic
  • Grecian
  • Hellenistic
  • Attic
  • Byzantine
  • Ionian
  • Doric
  • Aeolian


  • Non-Greek
  • Barbarian
  • Foreign
  • Un-Greek
  • Non-Hellenic
  • Outsider
  • Alien
  • Foreigner


  • Greece
  • Greek language
  • Greek mythology
  • Ancient Greece
  • Greek culture
  • Greek history
  • Greek alphabet
  • Greek cuisine

🌐 🇬🇧 GREEK in other languages

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