Definition of ACRID

ACRID Adjective

Acrid is an adjective that primarily refers to something having a sharp, bitter, or pungent odor or taste, often associated with irritation to the eyes, nose, or throat. It can be understood in various contexts:

Sharpness and Bitterness: As an adjective, acrid describes smells or flavors that are harsh, biting, or unpleasantly strong, often reminiscent of burnt or chemical-like sensations.

Pungent Aroma: Acrid odors may be characterized by their strong, penetrating aroma, which can be overpowering and offensive to the senses.

Irritation to the Respiratory System: Acrid fumes, smoke, or gases can cause irritation to the eyes, nose, throat, or lungs when inhaled, leading to coughing, choking, or discomfort.

Corrosive Properties: Acrid substances, such as certain chemicals or gases, may have corrosive effects on surfaces or tissues, causing damage upon contact.

Pollution and Contamination: Acrid smoke, smog, or pollutants in the atmosphere can degrade air quality, posing health risks to humans, animals, and plants.

Industrial Accidents: Acrid chemical spills or releases in industrial settings may result in environmental contamination, health hazards, and emergency response efforts to mitigate the impacts.

Emotional or Mental Discomfort: Acrid emotions, words, or memories evoke feelings of bitterness, resentment, or hostility, causing emotional distress or discomfort.

Social or Political Commentary: Acrid criticism or commentary may be used metaphorically to describe scathing, caustic remarks or opinions that are sharply critical or condemnatory in nature.

In summary, acrid is an adjective that describes something with a sharp, bitter, or pungent odor or taste, often associated with irritation to the respiratory system, environmental hazards, and metaphorical usage in emotional or social contexts, highlighting its unpleasant and potentially harmful characteristics.

Examples of ACRID in a sentence

  • The acrid scent of smoke left an acrid taste in the air after the fire.
  • She wrinkled her nose at the acrid smell of burnt rubber.
  • The acrid fumes from the factory made it difficult to breathe in the vicinity.
  • He could taste the acrid bitterness of the medicine as he swallowed it.
  • The acrid smoke stung his eyes as he tried to extinguish the flames.
  • The acrid odor of chemicals permeated the laboratory, causing discomfort.
  • The acrid taste of the spoiled milk made her gag.
  • The acrid stench of decay filled the abandoned building.

Origin of ACRID

The word acrid originates from Latin and has its roots in concepts related to sharpness and pungency. Here’s a breakdown of its etymology:

  • Latin Origins: Acrid is derived from the Latin word acris, which means sharp or bitter. In Latin, acris was used to describe sharp or pungent tastes and smells.
  • Adoption into English: The term entered the English language from Latin, retaining its original meaning of sharpness or bitterness.
  • Semantic Evolution: Over time, the meaning of acrid expanded to encompass not only sharp tastes and smells but also sensations that are irritating, biting, or harsh to the senses. This broader usage reflects the metaphorical extension of the term to describe qualities beyond literal taste and smell.
  • Usage: In contemporary English, acrid is commonly used to describe odors, fumes, or tastes that are strong, unpleasant, and often irritating to the eyes, nose, or throat. It implies a level of intensity or harshness that can be uncomfortable or overwhelming.

Overall, the etymology of acrid reveals its origins in Latin and its association with sharp or bitter tastes and smells, which has evolved to encompass broader sensory experiences and metaphorical connotations in contemporary English.


  • Pungent
  • Sharp
  • Biting
  • Sour
  • Harsh
  • Caustic
  • Stinging
  • Acrimonious


  • Sweet
  • Mild
  • Pleasant
  • Fresh
  • Delicate
  • Subtle
  • Fragrant
  • Mild


  • Acridity
  • Bitterness
  • Astringent
  • Burning
  • Irritant
  • Foul
  • Stench
  • Noxious

🌐 🇬🇧 ACRID in other languages

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