An electrostatic field is a fundamental concept in physics that describes the distribution of electric charges in space and their associated electric field. Here’s an exploration of its main aspects:

Physical Definition: An electrostatic field, also known as an electric field, arises from the presence of electric charges. It exerts a force on other charged objects placed within the field, causing them to experience an electrostatic force. The strength and direction of the electric field at any point depend on the distribution and magnitude of the electric charges.

Charge Interaction: In an electrostatic field, positively charged objects experience a force in the direction of the electric field lines, while negatively charged objects experience a force in the opposite direction. The magnitude of the force is proportional to the magnitude of the charge and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the charges.

Coulomb’s Law: Coulomb’s law describes the electrostatic force between two point charges and provides a quantitative relationship between the magnitude of the charges, the distance between them, and the force they exert on each other. It states that the force between two charges is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

Applications: Electrostatic fields have numerous practical applications in various fields, including electronics, telecommunications, and electrostatic printing. They play a crucial role in devices such as capacitors, electrostatic precipitators, and Van de Graaff generators. Understanding electrostatic fields is also essential in analyzing phenomena like static electricity, lightning, and the behavior of charged particles.

In summary, an electrostatic field arises from the presence of electric charges and exerts forces on other charged objects within the field. It is described mathematically by Coulomb’s law and is fundamental to our understanding of electromagnetism and its applications in technology and everyday life.

Examples of ELECTROSTATIC FIELD in a sentence

  • The hair stood on end due to the intense electrostatic field in the room.
  • Engineers employed a Faraday cage to shield sensitive equipment from external electrostatic fields.
  • Lightning is a result of the discharge of built-up electrostatic fields in the atmosphere.
  • The balloons clung to the wall due to the presence of an electrostatic field.
  • Researchers conducted experiments to measure the strength of the electrostatic field generated by the charged particles.
  • The spacecraft’s hull was designed to withstand the intense electrostatic fields encountered during re-entry into the atmosphere.
  • Static electricity is a common phenomenon caused by the imbalance of electrostatic fields.
  • Electrically charged particles move along the path defined by the electrostatic field.


The term electrostatic field has a rich etymological history, reflecting its development in the realm of physics and electromagnetism.

  • Electrostatic Roots: The term originates from the fusion of two words: “electro,” derived from the Greek word “ēlektron,” meaning “amber,” and “static,” from the Greek word “statikos,” meaning “at rest.” In ancient times, it was observed that amber could attract lightweight objects when rubbed, leading to the concept of static electricity.
  • Field Concept: The notion of a “field” in physics emerged in the 19th century, introduced by Michael Faraday and further developed by James Clerk Maxwell. It represents a region of space where a force operates on objects within that space. In the case of electrostatics, the field exerts forces on electrically charged particles.
  • Electromagnetic Theory: The study of electrostatic fields is foundational to electromagnetism, a branch of physics that deals with the interactions between electrically charged particles and magnetic fields. Maxwell’s equations describe how electric and magnetic fields are generated and how they interact.
  • Modern Applications: Electrostatic fields have numerous practical applications in various fields, including technology, industry, and everyday life. They are used in devices such as capacitors, photocopiers, inkjet printers, and air purifiers, among others.
  • Experimental Exploration: Over the centuries, scientists have conducted experiments to understand the behavior of electrostatic fields and their effects on matter. These experiments have led to the development of theories and models that explain the fundamental principles underlying electrostatic phenomena.

Through centuries of scientific inquiry and experimentation, the term electrostatic field has become fundamental to our understanding of electricity, magnetism, and their interplay in the physical world. It continues to be a cornerstone of modern physics and technology, shaping our understanding of the natural forces that govern the universe.


  • Static
  • Non-moving
  • Stationary charge
  • Immobile charge
  • Unchanging charge
  • Fixed charge
  • Motionless charge
  • Inert charge


  • Dynamic
  • Moving charge
  • Kinetic
  • Mobile charge
  • Active charge
  • Changing charge
  • Variable charge
  • Unstable charge


  • Coulomb’s law
  • Charge interaction
  • Electric field
  • Electric potential
  • Triboelectric effect
  • Conduction
  • Insulation
  • Discharge

🌐 🇬🇧 ELECTROSTATIC FIELD in other languages

Terms of Use

Privacy & Cookies


Who We Are

Main Sections


Geographical Locations



Let´s Talk



® 2024 https://DefinitionGo.com