Definition of AFTER

AFTER Preposition, Conjuction, Adverb and Adjective

After is primarily used as a preposition, conjunction, adverb, and adjective, indicating a time following an event or a sequence in order.

AFTER as a preposition

As a preposition, after refers to a period of time following an event or activity. For example, “She went home after the party,” indicates that she went home following the party. It can also denote subsequent positions or rankings, such as “He came in second after John.”

AFTER as a conjunction

When used as a conjunction, after connects clauses to show that one event follows another in time. For instance, “After she finished her homework, she watched TV,” implies that she watched TV following the completion of her homework.

AFTER as an adverb

As an adverb, after describes something happening later in time or a subsequent occurrence. For example, “She arrived shortly after,” means she arrived soon after a certain event or time.

AFTER as an adjective

After can function as an adjective when it describes something occurring later or in the time following a particular event. For instance, “the after-effects of the medication,” refers to the effects that occur following the medication’s administration.

Time and Sequence: After is essential in expressing chronological relationships and sequences of events. It helps establish timelines in narratives and instructions, such as “You should apply sunscreen after swimming.”

Cause and Effect: In some contexts, after can imply a causal relationship where one event leads to another. For instance, “After the rain, the flowers bloomed,” suggests that the rain contributed to the flowers blooming.

Contrasting with Before: After is often used in contrast to before, which indicates a time preceding an event. This distinction helps clarify the order of events and their relationships, such as “We need to finish this before starting anything else, and clean up after we are done.”

Cultural and Contextual Uses: Culturally, after can be found in idiomatic expressions and common phrases, such as “after all,” meaning considering everything or “happily ever after,” referring to a positive conclusion.

In conclusion, after is a versatile word functioning as a preposition, conjunction, adverb, and adjective, primarily indicating a time or event following another. It is crucial in establishing timelines, sequences, and causal relationships, making it an indispensable part of the English language.

Examples of AFTER in a sentence

AFTER as a preposition in a sentence

  • We went for ice cream after the movie.
  • After the storm, the streets were flooded.
  • She felt much better after the surgery.
  • The children have recess after lunch.
  • After graduation, he plans to travel the world.
  • They celebrated after winning the championship.
  • After years of hard work, she finally got the promotion.
  • Let’s meet for coffee after work.

AFTER as a conjunction in a sentence

  • I’ll call you after I finish my homework.
  • She left after he apologized.
  • They went home after the game ended.
  • He moved to New York after he got the job offer.
  • After the meeting concluded, everyone went to dinner.
  • The flowers bloomed after the rain stopped.
  • The baby fell asleep after she was fed.
  • She felt relieved after the test results came back negative.

AFTER as an adverb in a sentence

  • She arrived shortly after.
  • The plane took off and we landed soon after.
  • We will go to dinner and see a movie after.
  • He finished his work and left immediately after.
  • The ceremony ended and the reception started right after.
  • The sun set, and the stars appeared soon after.
  • He apologized and felt better after.
  • The storm passed, and the skies cleared soon after.

AFTER as an adjective in a sentence

  • The after party was more fun than the main event.
  • He experienced some after effects of the medication.
  • There was an after taste of garlic in the dish.
  • The after shock of the earthquake was quite strong.
  • They organized an after school program for the kids.
  • The after sale service is excellent at this store.
  • She had to deal with the after math of the accident.
  • He felt the after glow of his success for days.

Origin of AFTER

The term after has its etymological origins rooted in Old English and reflects the temporal and positional concepts associated with events, actions, or states occurring subsequent to others.

  • Old English Roots: The word “after” traces back to Old English as “æfter,” which denoted the concept of following in time or place. In Old English, “æfter” also had spatial connotations, indicating a position behind or subsequent to something else.
  • Temporal Connotations: Over time, the term “after” came to be primarily associated with temporal relationships, indicating events, actions, or states that occur subsequent to others. It is commonly used to denote sequence or succession in time, such as “afternoon” or “aftermath.”
  • Positional Usage: While the temporal usage of “after” became dominant, the term retained its positional connotations in certain contexts. For example, it can still denote a physical position behind or in the rear of something else, as in “afterparty” or “aftershave.”
  • Contemporary Usage: In modern English, “after” is a versatile word used in various contexts, including time, sequence, consequence, and spatial relationships. It is integral to everyday language, expressing the notion of subsequent events or actions.

From its origins in Old English to its contemporary usage, the term after embodies the enduring concepts of temporal and positional relationships, reflecting humanity’s understanding of time, sequence, and consequence.


  • Subsequent
  • Following
  • Later
  • Post-
  • Subsequently
  • Next
  • Afterwards
  • Successive


  • Before
  • Prior
  • Preceding
  • Earlier
  • Anterior
  • Formerly
  • Previous
  • Pre-


  • Later on
  • Afterward
  • Then
  • Consequently
  • Sequence
  • Succession
  • Consecutive
  • Succeeding

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