Definition of ADJECTIVE


Adjective is a grammatical term that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun by providing additional information about its characteristics, qualities, or attributes. Here are several key aspects of adjectives:

Descriptive Function: Adjectives serve a descriptive function by providing details or characteristics that help to distinguish or identify nouns. They can describe qualities such as size, color, shape, texture, temperature, age, and condition.

Placement: Adjectives typically precede the noun they modify in English grammar. However, they can also follow the noun in certain cases, particularly when expressing opinions or evaluations.

Comparison: Adjectives can express degrees of comparison to indicate the relative level of a quality or attribute. They may be used in their positive form to describe a single noun, or in comparative and superlative forms to compare two or more nouns.

Types of Adjectives: Adjectives can be categorized into various types based on their functions and meanings. These include descriptive adjectives (e.g., tall, blue, delicious), demonstrative adjectives (e.g., this, that, these), possessive adjectives (e.g., my, your, his), interrogative adjectives (e.g., which, what), and so on.

In summary, adjectives play a vital role in enriching language by providing descriptive details and enhancing the clarity and specificity of nouns. They help convey information about the qualities, characteristics, and attributes associated with people, objects, or concepts, contributing to vivid and expressive communication.

Examples of ADJECTIVE in a sentence

  • In English grammar, an adjective is a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun, such as “beautiful,” “blue,” or “tall.”
  • The teacher asked the students to identify the adjectives in the sentence to better understand its meaning.
  • Using vivid adjectives can make writing more engaging and descriptive.
  • Learning about adjectives helps improve vocabulary and communication skills.
  • Writers often use creative adjectives to paint a vivid picture in the reader’s mind.
  • In grammar, an adjective modifies a noun or pronoun by providing more information about its qualities.
  • She used a variety of adjectives to describe the breathtaking scenery.
  • The adjective “red” describes the color of the car.
  • His bold and creative use of adjectives painted vivid pictures in the reader’s mind.

Etymology of ADJECTIVE in a sentence

The term adjective has its origins in the Latin language and evolved through various linguistic stages before becoming a part of modern English.

  • Latin Origins: The term adjective is derived from the Latin word “adjectivum,” which means “that which is added.” This Latin word itself comes from “adiectus,” the past participle of “adiicere,” meaning “to throw to” or “to add.”
  • Transition to Old French: The Latin “adjectivum” evolved into the Old French word “adjectif.” During this period, the term began to take on its grammatical meaning, referring to words that are added to nouns to modify or describe them.
  • Adoption into Middle English: The Old French “adjectif” was adopted into Middle English as “adjectif.” This incorporation maintained the word’s grammatical function and meaning.
  • Modern English Usage: In contemporary English, the term adjective denotes a part of speech that modifies, qualifies, or describes nouns. Adjectives provide additional information about the noun they modify, such as its size, color, shape, or other qualities.
  • Expansion of Meaning: The role of adjectives in language expanded to encompass a wide range of descriptive and qualifying functions, essential for nuanced and detailed communication.

From its Latin origins to its current usage, the term adjective illustrates the linguistic evolution of a fundamental grammatical concept, highlighting the importance of descriptive language in communication.


  • Descriptive
  • Modifier
  • Qualifier
  • Attribute
  • Descriptor
  • Characterise
  • Qualifying
  • Modifying


  • Noun
  • Verb
  • Adverb
  • Pronoun
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Interjection
  • Participle


  • Grammatical
  • Linguistic
  • Structure
  • Education
  • Write
  • Cognitive
  • Pedagogical
  • Apply

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