Definition of SURROUNDING

SURROUNDING Noun, Verb and Adjective

Surrounding can function as a noun, verb, and adjective. As a noun, it refers to the area or environment around something. As a verb, it means to encircle or enclose on all sides. As an adjective, it describes something that is situated around or encircling something else.


As a noun, surrounding refers to the environment or area that is around a particular place or object. For example, “The cottage is nestled in beautiful natural surroundings,” indicating the area encompassing the cottage. This usage often emphasizes the immediate vicinity and its characteristics.


As a verb, surrounding means to encircle or enclose something on all sides. For instance, “The police surrounded the building,” meaning they positioned themselves around it to prevent escape or entry. This action typically involves encompassing an area or object from all directions.

SURROUNDING as an adjective

As an adjective, surrounding describes something that is situated around or encircling a particular object or area. For example, “The surrounding hills offer stunning views,” indicating that the hills are located around a central point of interest.

Environmental Context: In environmental contexts, the surrounding area plays a crucial role in determining the conditions and experiences within a specific location. The surroundings can include natural features like forests, lakes, and mountains, as well as human-made structures like buildings and roads. These elements collectively influence the ambiance and utility of the central location.

Safety and Security: The concept of surrounding is vital in safety and security scenarios. When ensuring the security of a perimeter, understanding and controlling the surrounding area is essential. For example, in military operations, securing the surrounding territory is crucial for maintaining control over a strategic point.

Aesthetic and Cultural Significance: Surroundings also carry significant aesthetic and cultural value. The visual appeal and cultural context of an area are often defined by its surroundings. Historical sites, urban landscapes, and natural reserves are all enhanced by their surrounding environments, which contribute to their unique identity and charm.

Psychological Impact: The surroundings can profoundly affect an individual’s psychological state and well-being. Pleasant and serene surroundings, such as parks and gardens, can promote relaxation and mental peace, while cluttered or chaotic environments may lead to stress and discomfort. The design and organization of surroundings are therefore crucial in architecture and urban planning.

In conclusion, surrounding is a versatile term that can be used as a noun, verb, and adjective. It encompasses the area or environment around a central point, the action of encircling something, and the description of being located around something else. The concept of surroundings is significant across various contexts, including environmental settings, safety and security, aesthetics, culture, and psychological well-being, highlighting its importance in shaping experiences and perceptions.

Examples of SURROUNDING in a sentence


  • The peaceful surroundings made the retreat a perfect place for relaxation.
  • They explored the surroundings of the ancient castle.
  • The hotel’s lush surroundings attracted many tourists.
  • She felt at ease in the quiet surroundings of her home.
  • The artist drew inspiration from his natural surroundings.
  • The farm’s surroundings included rolling hills and open fields.
  • They were unfamiliar with the surroundings and needed a map to navigate.
  • The picturesque surroundings enhanced the wedding venue’s charm.


  • The police were surrounding the building to prevent the suspect from escaping.
  • The children were surrounding the clown, eager to see his tricks.
  • They were surrounding the campfire, singing songs and telling stories.
  • The army was surrounding the enemy’s fort, preparing for an assault.
  • Tourists were surrounding the famous landmark, taking pictures and admiring it.
  • Protesters were surrounding the government building, demanding action.
  • Fans were surrounding the celebrity, hoping to get an autograph.
  • Trees were surrounding the house, giving it a secluded feel.

SURROUNDING as an adjective

  • The surrounding countryside is known for its beautiful landscapes.
  • The surrounding noise made it hard to concentrate on my work.
  • They admired the surrounding mountains from their cabin.
  • The surrounding area was evacuated due to the wildfire.
  • The surrounding community supported the local charity event.
  • The surrounding forests are home to a diverse range of wildlife.
  • The surrounding buildings cast long shadows over the park.
  • She enjoyed the surrounding scenery during her hike.

Etymology of SURROUNDING

The term surrounding has its etymological roots in Middle English and Old French, providing insights into its linguistic origins.

  • Middle English Influence: “Surrounding” originated from the Middle English word “surounden,” which meant to encircle or encompass.
  • Old French Formation: In Old French, the word “suronder” had a similar meaning of encircling or surrounding.
  • Semantic Context: In modern usage, “surrounding” refers to the area or environment that encircles or encompasses a particular place or object. It encompasses the things or elements that exist nearby or around a given location, influencing its context, atmosphere, or perception.

The term surrounding emphasizes its association with encirclement or encompassment, reflecting its historical roots in Middle English and Old French and its contemporary usage to describe the area or environment that surrounds a particular place or object.


  • Encompassing
  • Encircling
  • Ambient
  • Circumjacent
  • Nearby
  • Adjacent
  • Peripheral
  • Bordering


  • Distant
  • Remote
  • Far-off
  • Removed
  • Isolated
  • Secluded
  • Detached
  • Unrelated


  • Environment
  • Vicinity
  • Neighborhood
  • Proximity
  • Surroundings
  • Locale
  • Setting
  • Periphery

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