Definition of REST

REST Noun and Verb

Rest can function as both a noun and a verb. As a noun, it refers to a period of relaxation, sleep, or a break from activity or, also as a noun, it refers to the remaining part of a whole. As a verb, it means to cease work or movement in order to relax, sleep, or recover strength.

REST as a noun

As a noun, rest denotes a state of relaxation or inactivity. This can include sleep, a short break during a workday, or a longer period of recovery after exertion. Rest is essential for physical health, mental well-being, and overall productivity. For example, a good night’s rest is crucial for maintaining energy levels and cognitive function throughout the day.

Rest as the Remaining Part of Something: As a noun, rest can also refer to the remaining part of something. For instance, “I have read the first chapter, and I will read the rest tomorrow.” This usage signifies what is left after a portion has been used, taken, or completed.

REST as a verb

As a verb, rest means to take a break from activity in order to relax or recover. This can involve lying down, sitting quietly, or engaging in a leisurely activity. For instance, after a long hike, you might rest by sitting in a comfortable chair and drinking water.

Importance of Rest: Rest is vital for maintaining physical health. It allows the body to repair tissues, build muscle, and replenish energy stores. Adequate rest can prevent fatigue, reduce the risk of injury, and improve overall performance in physical activities.

Mental Health and Rest: Rest is equally important for mental health. It provides a necessary pause from daily stressors, helping to reduce anxiety and improve mood. Quality rest, including sufficient sleep, is linked to better cognitive function, memory consolidation, and emotional regulation.

Rest in Work and Productivity: In the context of work, taking regular breaks can enhance productivity and creativity. Short rest periods can prevent burnout, improve focus, and increase overall job satisfaction. Many successful work strategies incorporate scheduled breaks to optimize performance.

Rest and Recovery: In sports and fitness, rest and recovery are critical components of any training regimen. Rest days allow muscles to heal and grow, reducing the risk of overuse injuries and ensuring that athletes can maintain a high level of performance.

Rest in Cultural and Religious Practices: Rest also holds significant cultural and religious importance. Many traditions include specific days of rest, such as the Sabbath in Judaism and Christianity, which are intended for relaxation, reflection, and spiritual activities.

In conclusion, rest can be both a noun and a verb, referring to a period of relaxation or the act of taking a break from activity. Whether for physical health, mental well-being, productivity, recovery, or cultural practices, rest is a fundamental aspect of human life that supports overall balance and well-being.

Examples of REST in a sentence

REST as a noun in a sentence

  • After a long day at work, she looked forward to getting some much-needed rest.
  • The hiker took a break and sat on a rock to catch his rest.
  • The park bench provided a peaceful spot for visitors to sit and enjoy the rest.
  • He had trouble sleeping and often woke up feeling tired, despite getting plenty of rest.
  • The doctor advised her to get plenty of rest to recover from the illness.
  • The team was exhausted after the game and needed to take a break to rest.
  • The hotel offered comfortable rooms where guests could relax and get some rest.
  • He found rest and relaxation in reading a book by the fireplace.

REST as a verb in a sentence

  • After hiking for hours, they decided to rest and have a picnic.
  • She needed to rest her eyes after staring at the computer screen for hours.
  • The workers were instructed to rest for a few minutes before resuming their tasks.
  • The baby finally fell asleep, allowing his parents to rest.
  • The athlete needed to rest for several weeks to recover from the injury.
  • He rested his head on the pillow and closed his eyes.
  • The cat rested in the sunbeam streaming through the window.
  • She decided to rest her mind by meditating for a few minutes.

Origin of REST

The term rest embarks on a linguistic journey, tracing its origins through centuries of physical, temporal, and psychological development. Rooted in Middle English and Old English influences, it has evolved into a multifaceted term that signifies a cessation of activity, a period of relaxation, or a state of tranquility.

  • Old English Roots: The word rest originated from the Old English noun “ræst,” which meant “a resting place” or “a state of repose.” This noun was derived from the verb “ræstan,” meaning “to rest” or “to be at ease.”
  • Middle English Evolution: In Middle English, the term rest retained its fundamental meanings of repose and relaxation. It denoted a period of respite from labor or exertion, as well as a state of tranquility or peacefulness.
  • Temporal Connotations: In its earliest usage, rest referred to both short-term breaks from physical activity and longer periods of relaxation or recuperation. It implied a pause or interlude within the flow of time, allowing individuals to recharge and rejuvenate.
  • Physical and Mental Rest: Rest encompasses both physical rest, which involves relaxation of the body and cessation of physical activity, and mental rest, which involves relaxation of the mind and alleviation of stress or tension. Both forms of rest are essential for maintaining overall well-being and productivity.
  • Symbolic Meanings: Beyond its literal connotations, rest carries symbolic meanings related to peace, stability, and equilibrium. It can represent a goal or aspiration for achieving balance and harmony in life, as well as a state of contentment and fulfillment.

Rest stands as a term that reflects humanity’s need for renewal, rejuvenation, and balance. From its Old English and Middle English roots to its modern-day applications in health, leisure, and spirituality, the word embodies the universal desire for moments of tranquility and repose in the midst of life’s activities and challenges.


  • Relax
  • Repose
  • Pause
  • Halt
  • Recline
  • Nap
  • Respite
  • Ease


  • Activity
  • Work
  • Motion
  • Disturb
  • Agitation
  • Exertion
  • Stress
  • Strain


  • Break
  • Slumber
  • Leisure
  • Serenity
  • Tranquility
  • Interval
  • Relief
  • Unwind

🌐 🇬🇧 REST in other languages

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