Definition of RESIDENT

RESIDENT Noun and Adjective

Resident can function as both a noun and an adjective. As a noun, it refers to a person who lives somewhere on a long-term basis. As an adjective, it describes something related to or living in a particular place.

RESIDENT as a noun

As a noun, resident denotes a person who lives in a specific place, such as a city, country, or building, typically for an extended period. Residents can be distinguished from visitors or tourists by their long-term or permanent presence in a given location. For example, a resident of New York City lives there year-round, as opposed to someone visiting for a few days.

RESIDENT as an adjective

As an adjective, resident describes something that pertains to or is located in a particular place. For instance, “resident wildlife” refers to animals that inhabit an area permanently. Similarly, “resident faculty” might describe the teaching staff who live on a university campus.

Residential Areas: Residential areas are regions within a city or town primarily composed of private residences. These neighborhoods are designed to provide living spaces for residents and typically include amenities such as parks, schools, and shops that cater to the needs of the local population.

Resident Rights and Responsibilities: Residents often have specific rights and responsibilities depending on their location. These can include the right to vote in local elections, access to public services, and participation in community activities. Responsibilities might include adhering to local laws, paying taxes, and contributing to the community’s welfare.

Healthcare Context: In healthcare, a resident can refer to a medical doctor who is in the process of specialized training after completing medical school. These medical residents work in hospitals or clinics under the supervision of experienced physicians, gaining practical experience in their chosen field of specialty.

Temporary vs. Permanent Residency: Residency can be either temporary or permanent. Temporary residents may live in a place for a limited period, such as students or contract workers. Permanent residents have a more enduring legal status, often with the intent to settle indefinitely. The distinction between these types can affect legal rights, such as work authorization and access to public benefits.

In conclusion, resident can be both a noun and an adjective, referring to a person living in a particular place or describing something associated with living in that place. Whether discussing residential areas, rights and responsibilities, or the specific context of medical training, residents play a crucial role in the fabric of communities, contributing to their development, stability, and functionality.

Examples of RESIDENT in a sentence

RESIDENT as a noun in a sentence

  • The new resident of the neighborhood introduced themselves to their neighbors.
  • The retirement home has several long-term residents who have lived there for years.
  • As a legal resident of the country, she was eligible for certain benefits.
  • The university offers special discounts for residents of the state.
  • The city council held a meeting to address concerns raised by local residents.
  • The apartment complex has a mix of permanent residents and temporary tenants.
  • The medical clinic serves both residents and visitors to the area.
  • The mayor greeted the residents of the town during a community event.

RESIDENT as an adjective in a sentence

  • The retirement home provides care services for its elderly resident population.
  • The city’s resident artist painted a mural on the side of the building.
  • The resident doctor on duty attended to patients in the emergency room.
  • The university offers special tuition rates for resident students.
  • The local newspaper interviewed a resident historian about the town’s history.
  • The apartment complex has an on-site gym for its resident tenants.
  • The hotel offers a discount for resident guests staying for an extended period.
  • The neighborhood association organized a picnic for its resident members.

Origin of RESIDENT 

The term resident embarks on a linguistic journey, tracing its origins through centuries of administrative, legal, and social development. Rooted in Middle English and Latin influences, it has evolved into a versatile term that signifies someone who resides or lives in a particular place for an extended period.

  • Middle English Roots: The word resident originated from the Middle English noun “residence,” which meant “a dwelling” or “a place of abode.” This noun was formed from the Old French “residence” and the Latin “residentia,” both meaning “a remaining” or “a staying.”
  • Latin Influence: The Latin noun “residentia,” derived from the verb “residere” (meaning “to reside” or “to remain”), contributed to the development of the concept of residence or permanent habitation in a specific location.
  • Administrative and Legal Usage: In its earliest usage, resident referred to someone who resided or dwelled in a particular place, especially in the context of administrative divisions or legal jurisdictions. For example, a resident of a city or a resident of a province was someone who lived there continuously or had established legal domicile.
  • Social and Cultural Significance: Across various societies, being a resident implies a sense of belonging or attachment to a community or locality. Residents often participate in local activities, contribute to the economy, and engage in civic life, shaping the social fabric of their neighborhoods or regions.
  • Modern Applications: In contemporary usage, resident is commonly used to describe individuals who live in a specific area, such as residents of a neighborhood, residents of a nursing home, or residents of a country. The term may also be used in professional contexts, such as medical residents or artist residents, to denote temporary or specialized living arrangements.

Resident stands as a term that reflects humanity’s need for stable habitation and community integration. From its Middle English and Latin roots to its modern-day applications in describing habitation and belonging, the word embodies the concept of settled living and active participation in local communities.


  • Inhabitant
  • Occupant
  • Dwelller
  • Citizen
  • Local
  • Native
  • Settler
  • Indweller


  • Visitor
  • Outsider
  • Nonresident
  • Transient
  • Tourist
  • Guest
  • Foreigner
  • Nomad


  • Community member
  • Householder
  • Denizen
  • Neighbor
  • Homesteader
  • Tenant
  • Locals
  • Insider

🌐 🇬🇧 RESIDENT in other languages

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