Definition of PARENT

PARENT Noun and Verb

Parent can function as both a noun and a verb, typically referring to a biological or legal guardian, as well as the act of giving birth to or raising offspring.

PARENT as a noun

As a noun, a parent is an individual who has given birth to or legally adopted a child, assuming responsibility for their upbringing, care, and welfare. Parents play a crucial role in a child’s development, providing love, guidance, support, and education throughout their formative years and beyond.

Biological and Legal Parenthood: Parent can refer to biological parents, who share genetic material with their offspring, as well as legal parents, who have assumed legal responsibility for a child through adoption or other formal arrangements. Legal parentage may also be established through surrogacy, assisted reproductive technologies, or court orders.

Parenting Styles and Practices: Parenting encompasses a wide range of styles and practices, influenced by cultural, social, economic, and personal factors. Different parenting approaches, such as authoritative, permissive, or authoritarian, can impact a child’s development, behavior, and well-being. Effective parenting involves nurturing a supportive and loving environment while setting appropriate boundaries and expectations.

Challenges and Rewards of Parenthood: Parenthood comes with various challenges, including balancing work and family life, managing finances, and navigating the complexities of raising children in a rapidly changing world. However, it also offers numerous rewards, such as the joy of witnessing a child’s growth and achievements, the deep emotional bond between parents and children, and the fulfillment derived from guiding and nurturing future generations.

PARENT as a verb

As a verb, to parent means to act as a parent to a child, providing care, guidance, and support in their upbringing and development. Parenting involves a wide range of tasks and responsibilities, from meeting basic needs such as food, shelter, and clothing to fostering emotional intelligence, social skills, and moral values.

Co-Parenting and Family Dynamics: In modern society, parenting often involves co-parenting arrangements, where two or more individuals share the responsibilities of raising a child, whether as biological parents, adoptive parents, step parents, or legal guardians. Effective co-parenting requires open communication, cooperation, and mutual respect, prioritizing the best interests of the child.

Community and Support Networks: Parents benefit from community and support networks, including family, friends, neighbors, and professional resources such as pediatricians, educators, and counselors. These networks provide parents with guidance, encouragement, and practical assistance, helping them navigate the joys and challenges of parenting.

In conclusion, parent is a multifaceted concept encompassing both noun and verb forms, representing the roles, responsibilities, and relationships involved in raising and nurturing children. Whether biological or legal, parents play a vital role in shaping the lives of their offspring, fostering growth, resilience, and well-being. Effective parenting requires dedication, patience, and love, as well as ongoing support from family, community, and society at large.

Examples of PARENT in a sentence

PARENT as a noun in a sentence

  • She relied on her parents for guidance and support throughout her childhood.
  • The parents attended a meeting at the school to discuss their child’s progress.
  • Being a parent is both rewarding and challenging.
  • The parents organized a birthday party for their son.
  • The parents took turns reading bedtime stories to their children.
  • The parents enrolled their daughter in swimming lessons.
  • He looked up to his parents as role models.
  • The parents instilled values of kindness and respect in their children.

PARENT as a verb in a sentence

  • They parented their children with love and patience.
  • The school offers workshops on effective parenting techniques.
  • It’s important to parent each child according to their individual needs.
  • She learned how to parent from observing her own parents.
  • He struggled to parent his teenage daughter through difficult times.
  • They parented together as a team, supporting each other’s decisions.
  • The organization provides resources to help parents navigate the challenges of raising children.
  • She sought advice from experienced parents on how to handle tantrums.

Origin of PARENT

The term parent has ancient roots, originating from Latin and Old French before becoming integrated into contemporary English usage.

  • Latin Origins: The term parent traces its origins to the Latin word “parens,” which denotes a father or mother. In Latin, “parens” is derived from the verb “parere,” meaning “to bring forth” or “to give birth.”
  • Influence of Old French: During the Middle Ages, Old French significantly influenced the English language, introducing vocabulary from Latin and other sources. The Old French word “parent” retained the same meaning as its Latin counterpart, referring to a father or mother.
  • Incorporation into Middle English: By the Middle English period, the term parent had been adopted from Old French into English. It continued to denote an individual’s father or mother, as well as the collective concept of both parents.
  • Expansive Meaning in Contemporary English: In modern English, parent has a broader meaning beyond biological progenitors. It refers to anyone who has legal or social responsibility for a child’s upbringing, including biological parents, adoptive parents, stepparents, and guardians.
  • Contemporary Usage: In contemporary usage, parent encompasses various roles and responsibilities related to caregiving, nurturing, and guiding children. It is also used in a metaphorical sense to describe individuals or entities that give rise to or influence the development of other entities or ideas.

Through its evolution from Latin and Old French into contemporary English, the term parent reflects changing societal norms and attitudes toward familial relationships and caregiving responsibilities.


  • Mother
  • Father
  • Guardian
  • Caretaker
  • Protector
  • Mentor
  • Provider
  • Nurturer


  • Child
  • Offspring
  • Progeny
  • Minor
  • Dependent
  • Youngster
  • Adolescent
  • Toddler


  • Family
  • Parenthood
  • Upbringing
  • Guidance
  • Responsibility
  • Support
  • Role model
  • Relationship

🌐 🇬🇧 PARENT in other languages

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