Language is a dynamic and constantly evolving entity, reflecting the ever-changing nature of society. Slang, in particular, is a vibrant part of everyday conversation, allowing people to express themselves in creative, succinct, and often humorous ways. From social media platforms to casual dialogues among friends, slang terms pepper our interactions, adding flavor and immediacy to our communication. Whether you’re keen to keep up with the latest trends or simply want to understand what your friends are saying, familiarising yourself with current slang is essential. In this article, we’ll explore 21 slang terms that have become integral to modern vernacular, offering insights into their meanings and usage. Get ready to expand your vocabulary and stay in the loop with these contemporary linguistic gems.lay origins.

These terms highlight the diversity and creativity in contemporary slang, enriching our everyday language with new and expressive ways to communicate.

1. LIT

As a slang term, “lit” has a few related meanings, all of which convey excitement and excellence:

  • Exciting or Fun: : Used to describe an event or situation that is full of energy and enjoyment. Example: “The concert last night was lit!”
  • Excellent or Impressive: Used to praise something that is exceptionally good or impressive. Example: “Your outfit is lit!”
  • Intoxicated: Sometimes used to describe someone who is under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Example: “He got so lit at the party.”

Overall, “lit” is a versatile term that generally conveys a positive and enthusiastic vibe.


The slang term “lit” is that its origins date back to the early 20th century. Initially, “lit” was used as a slang term for being intoxicated by alcohol. This usage can be found in literature and music from the early 1900s. Over time, especially in the 21st century, “lit” evolved to describe anything that is exciting, excellent, or impressive, especially in social settings like parties or events.

This evolution showcases the dynamic nature of language and how slang terms can shift in meaning and expand in usage over decades. Today, “lit” is widely used in pop culture, particularly in music and social media, where it often conveys high energy and positivity.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Talking about an event:

  • Person A: “How was the party last night?”
  • Person B: “It was lit! The music and the crowd were amazing.”

Praising something:

  • Person A: “I just finished watching the new Marvel movie.”
  • Person B: “Oh, how was it?”
  • Person A: “Totally lit! The action scenes were incredible.”

Describing someone’s state:

  • Person A: “Did you see John at the concert?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, he was so lit! He was dancing like crazy.”

Complimenting an outfit:

  • Person A: “Check out my new sneakers.”
  • Person B: “Those are lit! Where did you get them?”

Referring to an exciting plan:

  • Person A: “We’re going to the beach this weekend.”
  • Person B: “That sounds lit! I can’t wait.”

Using “lit” in these contexts helps convey excitement and positive energy about the topic being discussed.


As a slang term, “salty” means feeling bitter, upset, or annoyed, typically over something minor or petty. It describes a person’s attitude when they are holding onto a grievance or showing irritation about something that happened.

Here are a few nuances to the meaning of “salty”:

  • Bitter: Feeling resentful or holding a grudge. Example: “She’s still salty about losing the game.”
  • Annoyed: Being easily irritated or annoyed by something small. Example: “Why are you so salty just because we didn’t go to your favourite restaurant?”
  • Jealous: Sometimes implies jealousy or envy. Example: “He got salty when he saw his ex with someone new.”

Overall, “salty” conveys a sense of lingering negative emotion that might be disproportionate to the situation.


A fascinating aspect of the slang term “salty” is its maritime origins. Originally, “salty” was a term used among sailors and seafarers to describe someone with extensive experience at sea, often indicating toughness, resilience, and a deep understanding of maritime life.

Over time, this term transitioned into broader usage to describe someone who is bitter, resentful, or irritable, perhaps drawing on the image of the sea’s saltiness as a metaphor for someone’s mood.

This transformation from a nautical term to a colloquial expression illustrates how language evolves and adapts, often drawing from diverse sources and contexts to convey new meanings and nuances.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Discussing someone’s reaction:

  • Person A: “Did you see how Sarah reacted when she lost the game?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, she was so salty about it. She wouldn’t stop complaining.”

Describing a friend’s mood:

  • Person A: “Why is Tom acting so grumpy today?”
  • Person B: “I think he’s feeling salty because he didn’t get enough sleep last night.”

Talking about someone’s reaction to a joke:

  • Person A: “I made a harmless joke about his haircut, and he got really defensive.”
  • Person B: “He’s always so salty about his appearance. Can’t take a joke.”

Referring to a colleague’s response to feedback:

  • Person A: “I gave constructive criticism on her project, and she got defensive.”
  • Person B: “Yeah, she tends to get salty whenever someone critiques her work.”

Discussing a friend’s reaction to not being invited to an event:

  • Person A: “Why is Emily ignoring us lately?”
  • Person B: “I think she’s salty because she wasn’t invited to Sarah’s birthday party.”

In these examples, “salty” is used to describe someone’s negative or resentful attitude in various situations.


As a slang term, “throw shade” means to make a subtle, indirect, or clever remark that criticises, insults, or disrespects someone. It involves delivering a comment or gesture that conveys disapproval or contempt without being overtly aggressive or direct. The intent is to undermine or belittle someone in a way that is often witty and sly, making the criticism less obvious but still understood by those who catch the nuance.

  • Subtle Criticism: The criticism or insult is not direct and can sometimes be veiled or sarcastic.
  • Indirect: Instead of outright saying something negative, the person implies it.
  • Witty or Clever: Often involves a level of cleverness or sarcasm, making it more about the art of the insult than the insult itself.


The slang term “throw shade” is that it originates from drag ball culture, particularly within the LGBTQ+ community in the 1980s. The term gained mainstream recognition largely thanks to the documentary “Paris Is Burning,” which explored the vibrant drag ball scene in New York City.

In this context, “shade” originally referred to the art of insult and was part of a larger tradition of verbal sparring known as “reading.” While “reading” was a more direct and often humorous form of insult, “throwing shade” involved a more subtle, sophisticated, and witty critique. This nuanced form of expression has since been adopted widely in popular culture, becoming a staple in reality TV, social media, and everyday conversation.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

At Work:

  • Person A: “Did you see how Karen complimented my presentation? She said it was impressive for someone with my experience.”
  • Person B: “Wow, she’s really good at throwing shade.”

Among Friends:

  • Person A: “John said he’s surprised I managed to wake up early for once.”
  • Person B: “Sounds like he’s throwing shade at your sleeping habits.”

On Social Media:

  • Person A: “Did you see Sarah’s tweet about how some people can’t handle basic responsibilities?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, she’s totally throwing shade at her roommate.”

At a Family Gathering:

  • Person A: “Aunt Linda said it’s great that I finally found a job that suits my skills.”
  • Person B: “She’s throwing shade at your previous job choices, isn’t she?”

In a Classroom:

  • Person A: “Mr. Smith said my project was ‘creative’ for someone who doesn’t follow instructions well.”
  • Person B: “Ouch, he’s definitely throwing shade.”

In these examples, “throwing shade” refers to making subtle, indirect, or clever remarks that convey criticism or disapproval without being overtly harsh.


As a slang term, “ghost” means to suddenly cut off all communication with someone without any explanation. This often happens in the context of romantic relationships, but it can also occur in friendships or other social interactions. When someone “ghosts” another person, they stop responding to messages, calls, and other forms of contact, leaving the other person wondering what happened.

  • Sudden Disappearance: The person cuts off all communication abruptly.
  • No Explanation: There is no warning or reason given for the sudden silence.
  • Common in Dating: Frequently used to describe the end of a romantic relationship where one person disappears without a word.


A fascinating aspect of the slang term “ghost” is its emergence alongside the rise of digital communication and social media. With the advent of text messaging, email, and social networking platforms, the act of “ghosting” became more prevalent and accessible than ever before.

One fun fact is that the term “ghosting” first gained popularity in the context of online dating. With the proliferation of dating apps and websites, individuals found it easier to connect with potential partners but also easier to abruptly end communication without explanation. This behavior of disappearing without a trace, akin to a ghost vanishing into thin air, led to the term “ghosting” being coined to describe the phenomenon.

What’s intriguing is how “ghosting” has since transcended its origins in dating culture and has become a widely recognised term for abruptly cutting off communication in various social contexts. Its adoption into mainstream language reflects the profound impact of digital communication on modern interpersonal relationships.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Dating Context:

  • Person A: “How’s it going with Alex?”
  • Person B: “I don’t know. He just ghosted me out of nowhere. He stopped replying to my texts last week.”

Friendship Context:

  • Person A: “Have you heard from Jenna lately?”
  • Person B: “No, she ghosted me after I asked her about the project. I haven’t heard from her since.”

Work Context:

  • Person A: “Did Mark ever get back to you about the proposal?”
  • Person B: “No, he ghosted me. I haven’t received any emails or calls back.”

Social Media Context:

  • Person A: “I commented on her post and sent her a message, but she hasn’t replied.”
  • Person B: “Sounds like she ghosted

Family Context:

  • Person A: “Did you try calling Aunt Susan?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, but she ghosted me. I guess she’s busy.”

In these examples, “ghosting” refers to the sudden and unexplained cessation of communication from one party, leaving the other person feeling confused or ignored.

5. BAE

As a slang term, “bae” is an affectionate way to refer to a romantic partner, close friend, or someone significant in one’s life. It’s often used as a term of endearment and is derived from the acronym “before anyone else” or “before anything else.” “Bae” is commonly used in text messages, social media posts, and casual conversations to express love, affection, or admiration for someone special.

  • Term of Endearment: Used to affectionately refer to a romantic partner or close friend.
  • Origin: Derived from the acronym “before anyone else” or “before anything else.”
  • Common Usage: Widely used in text messages, social media, and casual conversations.


The slang term “bae” is that, in addition to its widely recognised meaning as an acronym for “before anyone else,” it also coincidentally means “poop” in Danish. This amusing coincidence has led to some humorous exchanges and memes online, especially when Danish speakers encounter the term being used affectionately in English.

Despite this, “bae” has remained a popular term of endearment in English-speaking cultures, particularly on social media and among younger generations, highlighting the playful and evolving nature of slang.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Romantic Context:

  • Person A: “What are your plans for Valentine’s Day?”
  • Person B: “I’m going out for a romantic dinner with my bae.”

Text Message:

  • Person A: “Hey bae, just wanted to say I miss you!”
  • Person B: “Aww, I miss you too! Can’t wait to see you tonight.”

Social Media Post:

  • “Beach day with my bae! 🌊💕 #perfectday #love”

Planning a Date:

  • Person A: “Bae, do you want to go see that new movie tonight?”
  • Person B: “Yes, I’ve been waiting all week to see it with you!”

Talking to Friends:

  • Person A: “Who’s that in your profile picture?”
  • Person B: “That’s my bae! We took that photo at the concert last weekend.”

Everyday Conversation:

  • Person A: “Bae, can you help me with this?”
  • Person B: “Of course, anything for you.”

In these examples, “bae” is used as a term of endearment, signifying affection and closeness between the speaker and the person they are referring to.


As a slang term, “woke” means being aware of and attentive to social and political issues, particularly those related to social justice, inequality, and systemic discrimination. It originally emerged from African American Vernacular English (AAVE) and was used to describe someone who is conscious of the realities of racial issues and injustices.

Social Awareness: Refers to being informed and conscious of social justice issues.

Political Consciousness: Often involves awareness of systemic inequalities and a commitment to addressing them.


the slang term “woke” is that it gained significant mainstream attention and usage through the influence of popular culture, particularly music. One notable example is the song “Master Teacher” by Erykah Badu, released in 2008, which included the line “I stay woke.” This phrase resonated with listeners and became a rallying cry for awareness and activism within the African American community.

The term saw a resurgence and further popularisation during the Black Lives Matter movement, especially following the use of the hashtag #StayWoke on social media platforms to raise awareness about police brutality and racial injustice. As a result, “woke” evolved from a niche term within African American Vernacular English to a widely recognised expression of social consciousness.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Discussing Social Issues:

  • Person A: “Did you see the documentary about climate change?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, it really opened my eyes. We need to stay woke about environmental issues.”

Describing Someone’s Awareness:

  • Person A: “Why does Sam always bring up systemic racism in our discussions?”
  • Person B: “He’s very woke. He’s always educating himself on social justice topics.”

On Social Media:

  • Post: “If you’re not outraged, you’re not paying attention. Stay woke and demand justice for all.”

In a Debate:

  • Person A: “Why are you so focused on gender equality in the workplace?”
  • Person B: “Because it’s a major issue that affects many people. Staying woke means addressing these injustices.”

Describing Cultural Awareness:

  • Person A: “Did you hear about the new history curriculum they introduced?”
  • Person B: “Yes, it’s great that they’re including more diverse perspectives. It’s a step toward a more woke education system.”

Everyday Conversation:

  • Person A: “I’m trying to learn more about different cultures and their struggles.”
  • Person B: “That’s awesome. Staying woke is important in today’s world.”

In these examples, “woke” is used to emphasise the importance of being aware and proactive about social, political, and environmental issues.


As a slang term, “lowkey” means subtly, quietly, or in a restrained manner. It is often used to express something that is understated, not meant to draw much attention, or something that someone wants to keep relatively private or low-profile. “Lowkey” can also indicate that something is somewhat true or mildly felt, as opposed to being strong or overt.

  • Subtle or Quiet: Doing something without attracting attention.
  • Mild or Slight: Indicating a mild or restrained degree of something.
  • Understated: Not openly displayed or talked about.


The slang term “lowkey” is that its popularity surged thanks to social media platforms and internet culture, where it became a favourite among millennials and Generation Z. The term “lowkey” actually has roots in the early hip-hop and rap communities of the 1990s and early 2000s. It was often used in lyrics to describe something done subtly or without much fanfare.

Over time, “lowkey” transitioned from music into everyday slang, where it found a new life in online conversations, tweets, and memes. Its versatility and the ability to express nuanced feelings and opinions made it a hit in the digital age. Now, it’s common to see “lowkey” being used in various contexts, from expressing secret admiration to describing a relaxed and understated event.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Expressing a Mild Preference:

  • Person A: “Do you want to go out tonight?”
  • Person B: “I lowkey just want to stay in and watch movies.”

Admitting a Secret:

  • Person A: “Why do you keep glancing at your phone?”
  • Person B: “I lowkey have a crush on the person I’m texting.”

Talking About an Opinion:

  • Person A: “What did you think of the new restaurant?”
  • Person B: “I lowkey think it’s overrated.”

Describing a Feeling:

  • Person A: “How are you feeling about the presentation tomorrow?”
  • Person B: “I’m lowkey nervous, but I think it will be fine.”

Keeping Plans Quiet:

  • Person A: “Are you going to Josh’s party?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, but I’m trying to keep it lowkey. I don’t want too many people to know I’m going.”

Expressing a Subtle Interest:

  • Person A: “Did you enjoy the concert?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, I lowkey had a great time. The band was awesome.”

In these examples, “lowkey” is used to convey something in a subtle, understated manner, whether it’s a preference, a feeling, or an opinion.


As a slang term, “highkey” is the opposite of “lowkey.” It means openly, obviously, or very much. When someone uses “highkey,” they are expressing something in a very clear, emphatic, and unreserved manner. It’s often used to indicate that the speaker is not trying to hide their feelings, opinions, or intentions.

  • Openly and Obviously: Something is done or felt very openly and clearly.
  • Emphatic: Strongly expressing a feeling, opinion, or intention.
  • Contrast to Lowkey: Opposite of being subtle or restrained.


The slang term “highkey” is that its rise in popularity is closely tied to internet culture and social media, much like its counterpart “lowkey.” However, “highkey” has a particularly strong presence on platforms like Twitter and TikTok, where users often express their thoughts and feelings in a direct and enthusiastic manner.

The term “highkey” is part of a broader trend where internet users adapt and evolve language to suit the expressive needs of online communication. It reflects the way social media encourages people to share their emotions and opinions more openly and emphatically. Additionally, the use of “highkey” often adds a playful or humorous tone to statements, making it a versatile tool for digital expression.

Overall, “highkey” exemplifies how slang evolves to fit the dynamic and expressive nature of online interactions, highlighting the creativity and adaptability of internet language.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Expressing Strong Feelings:

  • Person A: “How do you feel about the new season of the show?”
  • Person B: “I highkey think it’s the best season yet. The plot twists are amazing!”

Showing Enthusiasm:

  • Person A: “Are you coming to the concert this weekend?”
  • Person B: “Yes! I’m highkey excited. I’ve been waiting for this for months!”

Admitting a Preference:

  • Person A: “Do you like summer or winter more?”
  • Person B: “I highkey prefer summer. I love the warm weather and the beach.”

Expressing a Strong Opinion:

  • Person A: “What do you think about the new restaurant downtown?”
  • Person B: “I highkey think it’s overrated. The food was just okay, and it was super expensive.”

Discussing Interests:

  • Person A: “Have you listened to the new album yet?”
  • Person B: “I highkey love it. I’ve had it on repeat all day!”

Talking About Future Plans:

  • Person A: “Are you planning to apply for that job?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, I highkey want to work there. It’s my dream company.”

Reacting to News:

  • Person A: “Did you hear that they’re making a sequel to that movie?”
  • Person B: “I highkey can’t wait to see it! The first one was so good.”

In these examples, “highkey” is used to convey enthusiasm, strong opinions, or clear preferences in a very open and emphatic way.


As a slang term, “extra” means someone who is over-the-top, excessive, or dramatic in their behaviour, actions, or style. When someone is described as “extra,” it suggests that they go beyond what is necessary or expected, often in a way that draws attention to themselves.

  • Over-the-Top: Going beyond what is considered normal or necessary.
  • Dramatic: Displaying exaggerated behavior or emotions.
  • Attention-Seeking: Often involves actions or styles that are meant to draw attention.


The slang term “extra” is that it has been embraced by the entertainment industry, especially in reality TV and celebrity culture, where being “extra” is often celebrated rather than criticised. Reality TV stars and celebrities frequently engage in over-the-top behaviours and dramatic gestures that are considered “extra,” which has helped popularise the term.

Additionally, the word “extra” has been humorously immortalised in pop culture through various memes and viral videos. One famous example is the meme featuring Kermit the Frog sipping tea with the caption, “But that’s none of my business,” often followed by a description of someone’s “extra” behaviour. This has contributed to the term’s widespread use and understanding across different age groups and social contexts.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Describing Behaviour:

  • Person A: “Did you see how many selfies she took at the party?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, she’s so extra. She even brought her own lighting setup!”

Talking About Style:

  • Person A: “Why is she wearing a ball gown to a backyard barbecue?”
  • Person B: “She’s always extra with her fashion choices.”

Reacting to Actions:

  • Person A: “He ordered every dessert on the menu just to try them all.”
  • Person B: “That’s so extra. Who even does that?”

Commenting on Responses:

  • Person A: “She made a whole PowerPoint presentation to convince us to go to the beach this weekend.”
  • Person B: “That’s really extra. A simple text would’ve been enough.”

Describing Social Media Posts:

  • Person A: “Did you see his Instagram story? He threw a party with a theme, costumes, and a live DJ for his dog’s birthday.”
  • Person B: “He’s so extra. But honestly, it looked fun!”

Everyday Conversation:

  • Person A: “I can’t believe she brought her own silverware to the restaurant because she didn’t trust theirs.”
  • Person B: “That’s so extra. She’s always like that.”

In School/Work Context:

  • Person A: “He stayed up all night making a three-dimensional model for our project when a simple poster would have sufficed.”
  • Person B: “That’s really extra, but it might just impress the teacher.”

In these examples, “extra” is used to highlight actions, behaviours, or styles that are perceived as excessive, over-the-top, or unnecessarily elaborate.

10. FLEX

As a slang term, “flex” means to show off or boast about something, often in a way that highlights one’s wealth, status, accomplishments, or possessions. It can be used both positively and negatively, depending on the context and the speaker’s intent. When someone is “flexing,” they are typically displaying something with pride, but it can also come across as bragging or being ostentatious.

  • Show Off: Displaying something proudly or boastfully.
  • Highlighting Wealth or Status: Often involves material possessions, achievements, or personal attributes.
  • Context Matters: Can be seen as positive (confident) or negative (bragging).


The term “flex” originally comes from the word “flexing,” which means to show off one’s muscles. This concept of showing off or displaying something impressive gradually expanded beyond just physical strength. In the world of hip-hop and rap, “flex” started being used to describe showing off wealth, status, or skills. Over time, it entered mainstream slang, where it now broadly refers to any kind of boast or display of pride in one’s possessions, achievements, or abilities. The evolution of “flex” from a literal to a figurative expression highlights the dynamic nature of slang and how it can spread across different communities and cultures.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Showing Off Material Wealth or Achievements:

  • Person A: “I just bought the latest iPhone.”
  • Person B: “Nice flex! Must have set you back a bit.”

Highlighting a Skill or Talent:

  • Person A: “I can play five different musical instruments.”
  • Person B: “That’s a serious flex! You’ve got talent.”

In a Humblebrag Context:

  • Person A: “I was so tired after running that marathon last weekend.”
  • Person B: “Cool flex, but we get it—you’re super fit.”

Acknowledging Someone’s Confidence:

  • Person A: “I just got promoted to manager at work.”
  • Person B: “Wow, congrats! That’s a big flex.”

Playfully Pointing Out Bragging:

  • Person A: “I just got back from a two-week vacation in the Maldives.”
  • Person B: “Major flex! Must have been amazing.”

Complimenting Someone’s Style:

  • Person A: “Check out my new sneakers.”
  • Person B: “Fresh kicks! Nice flex.”

These examples show how “flex” can be used to highlight or acknowledge something impressive or boastful, whether it’s in a positive or playful manner.

11. GOAT

In slang, “GOAT” is an acronym that stands for “Greatest Of All Time.” It is used to describe someone who is considered the best in their field or profession. The term is often used in sports, music, and other areas of popular culture to highlight exceptional talent and achievements.

  • Sports: “Michael Jordan is the GOAT of basketball.”
  • Music: “Many people consider Beyoncé the GOAT of pop music.”

The term “GOAT” is used to signify excellence and unparalleled skill, and it is usually reserved for individuals who have had a significant and lasting impact in their area of expertise.


The term “GOAT” was popularized in the mainstream by the legendary rapper LL Cool J. In 2000, he released an album titled “G.O.A.T.” which stands for “Greatest Of All Time.” The album’s title helped cement the acronym in popular culture, and it has since been widely adopted to recognize individuals who excel in their fields. LL Cool J’s influence played a significant role in making “GOAT” a common term of praise and admiration in various domains, including sports, music, and entertainment.

Examples of how the word is used in conversations

Sports Context:

  • Person A: “Did you see Tom Brady’s performance in the game last night?”
  • Person B: “Yeah, he’s definitely the GOAT of football.”

Music Context:

  • Person A: “Who do you think is the GOAT of hip-hop?”
  • Person B: “It’s gotta be Tupac. His influence is unmatched.”

Entertainment Context:

  • Person A: “I just rewatched ‘The Godfather’—it’s such a classic.”
  • Person B: “No doubt, it’s the GOAT of gangster movies.”

Academic Context:

  • Person A: “Marie Curie’s contributions to science are incredible.”
  • Person B: “Absolutely, she’s the GOAT in the field of chemistry.”

Everyday Context:

  • Person A: “My mom makes the best lasagna ever.”
  • Person B: “Sounds like your mom is the GOAT of cooking!”

Gaming Context:

  • Person A: “Who do you think is the GOAT of competitive gaming?”
  • Person B: “It’s gotta be Faker in League of Legends. His skills are legendary.”

These examples illustrate how “GOAT” is used to praise someone who is considered the best in their respective field or activity.

Incorporating slang into your everyday conversations can not only help you stay current with contemporary language trends but also make your interactions more engaging and relatable. The 11 everyday slang terms we’ve explored—from “GOAT” to “flex”—each carry unique cultural significance and add a modern twist to how we communicate. Whether you’re trying to impress your friends, connect with younger generations, or simply keep your language skills sharp, understanding and using these slang terms can enhance your linguistic versatility. Remember, language is always evolving, so keep an ear out for new terms and trends to stay in the loop. Happy chatting!

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