Definition of MONOPOLISE


Monopolise is a verb that denotes the action of acquiring or maintaining exclusive control or dominance over a particular market, industry, resource, or activity. It involves the elimination or restriction of competition, allowing the monopolizing entity to dictate terms, prices, and conditions to the detriment of consumers or competitors.

As a verb, to monopolise means to assert or establish a monopoly by controlling the supply, distribution, or access to goods, services, or resources. This can be achieved through various means, including acquiring competitors, controlling key assets or infrastructure, or leveraging regulatory advantages to limit competition.

Characteristics of Monopolisation: Monopolisation is characterized by the concentration of economic power and influence in the hands of a single entity or a small group of entities. It often results in reduced consumer choice, higher prices, lower quality, and diminished innovation due to the lack of competitive pressure. Monopolies may also exploit their dominant position to stifle potential rivals or limit market entry.

Forms of Monopolisation: Monopolisation can take different forms, including horizontal, vertical, and conglomerate monopolies. Horizontal monopolies involve the consolidation of companies operating at the same level of the supply chain or within the same industry. Vertical monopolies involve control over different stages of the production or distribution process. Conglomerate monopolies occur when a single entity dominates diverse or unrelated industries.

Effects of Monopolisation: The effects of monopolisation can have significant economic, social, and political consequences. Economically, monopolies may lead to market inefficiencies, reduced innovation, and income inequality. Socially, monopolies can exacerbate disparities in access to goods and services, particularly in essential sectors such as healthcare or utilities. Politically, monopolies may wield undue influence over regulatory agencies or policymakers, undermining democratic processes and public welfare.

Regulation and Antitrust Measures: To address the negative effects of monopolisation, governments often implement regulations and antitrust measures aimed at promoting competition and preventing the abuse of market power. These may include antitrust laws, merger control mechanisms, price regulations, and measures to promote market entry and competition.

Challenges and Controversies: Despite efforts to regulate monopolisation, challenges and controversies persist, particularly in rapidly evolving industries such as technology and telecommunications. Innovations such as platform economies and network effects can create natural monopolies or monopolistic tendencies, posing challenges for traditional regulatory frameworks.

In conclusion, monopolisation refers to the process of acquiring or maintaining exclusive control over a market, industry, or resource, often to the detriment of competition and consumers. While monopolies can arise through various means and take different forms, their effects on economic efficiency, social welfare, and political power are significant and complex. Addressing the challenges of monopolisation requires vigilant regulation, innovation-friendly policies, and a commitment to promoting competition and consumer choice.


Both “monopolise” and “monopolize” are correct, but they are used in different variants of English:

  • “Monopolise” is the preferred spelling in British English.
  • “Monopolize” is the preferred spelling in American English.

So, the correct spelling depends on the variant of English you are using.

MONOPOLISE in a sentence

  • The company sought to monopolise the market by buying out its competitors.
  • He tried to monopolise the conversation, not letting anyone else speak.
  • Big tech companies often face criticism for attempting to monopolise the industry.
  • The coach didn’t want any player to monopolise the ball during the game.
  • She disliked how her colleague would monopolise meetings with his lengthy presentations.
  • The corporation’s goal was to monopolise the supply chain to control prices.
  • Some countries implement regulations to prevent any one entity from being able to monopolise essential services.
  • The television network aimed to monopolise the ratings by securing exclusive broadcasting rights.

Etymology of MONOPOLISE

The term monopolise has its etymological roots in Greek and Latin, offering insights into its linguistic origins.

  • Greek Influence: The prefix “mono-” comes from the Greek word “monos,” meaning “alone” or “single.” In Greek, “monos” conveys the idea of singularity or exclusivity.
  • Latin Formation: “Monopolise” combines the Greek prefix “mono-” with the Latin word “polus,” meaning “to sell.” In Latin, “polus” referred to a marketplace or place of trade.
  • Semantic Context: In modern usage, “monopolise” means to dominate or control a market or industry by being the sole supplier of a particular product or service, thereby excluding competitors and exerting significant influence over pricing and distribution.

The term monopolise emphasizes its association with exclusive control or dominance over a market, reflecting the idea of having a singular hold on the supply of a product or service.


  • Dominate
  • Control
  • Corner
  • Command
  • Seize
  • Capture
  • Annex
  • Hog


  • Share
  • Distribute
  • Divide
  • Share
  • Disperse
  • Spread
  • Equalize
  • Release


  • Monopoly
  • Monopolisation
  • Monopolist
  • Monopolistic
  • Monopolizer
  • Monopolized
  • Monopolizing
  • Monopolism

🌐 🇬🇧 MONOPOLISE in other languages

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