Definition of LOWER

LOWER Verb, adjective, Adverb and Noun

Lower is a versatile term which can be either a verb, an adjective, an adverb or a noun. As a verb, it means to move something down to a lower position or reduce the level, amount, or intensity of something. As an adjective, it describes something situated below another item, or refers to something of less importance or rank.

LOWER as a verb

As a verb, “lower” involves the act of bringing something down from a higher to a lower position. For example, one might lower a flag or lower their voice. This action can be physical, as in lowering an object, or metaphorical, such as lowering expectations or reducing prices. The process of lowering can be gradual or sudden, depending on the context.

LOWER as an adjective

As an adjective, “lower” describes something that is situated beneath another item or position. For instance, the lower shelves in a bookcase are closer to the ground than the upper ones. It can also denote something of lesser rank or importance, such as a lower grade in a hierarchy or a lower level of difficulty in a task.

LOWER as an adverb

When used as an adverb, “lower” describes the manner in which something is done in a downward direction. For example, “He bent lower to pick up the coin.” Here, “lower” modifies the verb “bent,” indicating the direction of the action.

LOWER as a noun

As a noun, “lower” can refer to the lower part of something or a specific area or region that is geographically or positionally below another. For example, “The climbers reached the lower of the two peaks.” In this usage, “lower” identifies a particular section that is beneath another.

Physical Position: When discussing physical positioning, “lower” often refers to something geographically or spatially beneath another point. For example, “lower levels of the building” indicates floors that are closer to the ground level. Similarly, in anatomy, the term “lower body” refers to parts of the body below the waist, such as legs and feet.

Reduction in Amount or Intensity: Lowering can also mean reducing the amount, size, or intensity of something. For example, lowering the volume means making the sound quieter, while lowering the temperature involves making an environment cooler. This use of the verb implies a decrease from a previous state to a lesser one.

Lower in Rank or Importance: In social, organizational, or hierarchical contexts, “lower” signifies a position of lesser importance or rank. For example, an employee with a lower rank has less authority than those in higher positions. Similarly, lower-priority tasks are considered less critical than those with higher priority.

Economic and Financial Contexts: In economics and finance, “lower” often pertains to a reduction in prices, interest rates, or economic indicators. For example, lowering taxes means reducing the tax rates imposed on individuals or businesses. This can have significant implications for consumer behavior, investment, and overall economic activity.

Health and Wellness: In the context of health, lower can relate to reducing risks, symptoms, or measurements. For example, lowering blood pressure is crucial for preventing cardiovascular diseases. This typically involves lifestyle changes, medications, or other interventions aimed at achieving a healthier state.

In conclusion, lower is a versatile term that functions as a verb, adjective, adverb, and noun. As a verb, it denotes the act of moving something downward or reducing its level. As an adjective, it describes something situated beneath another or of lesser importance. As an adverb, it modifies actions in a downward direction, and as a noun, it refers to a specific lower part or area. Understanding the various uses of lower enriches our ability to describe and influence the world around us.

Use examples of LOWER in a sentence

LOWER as a verb in a sentence

  • She carefully lowered the heavy box from the shelf.
  • He lowered the volume of the music to avoid disturbing the neighbors.
  • The temperature began to lower as evening approached.
  • The company decided to lower the price of their products to attract more customers.
  • The crane operator slowly lowered the cargo onto the dock.
  • Lowering your cholesterol can improve your overall health.
  • The doctor recommended lowering the dosage of the medication.
  • She lowered her voice to a whisper as she shared the secret.

LOWER as an adjective in a sentence

  • The lower floor of the building was flooded during the storm.
  • He experienced pain in his lower back after lifting heavy boxes.
  • The lower portion of the mountain was covered in dense forest.
  • The lower bunk in the dormitory was already occupied.
  • The lower branches of the tree were trimmed to allow more sunlight to reach the garden.
  • The lower section of the river is known for its rapids.
  • They reserved seats in the lower deck of the stadium for a better view of the game.
  • The lower half of the painting depicted a tranquil countryside scene.

LOWER as an adverb in a sentence

  • She bent lower to pick up the fallen book.
  • The temperature dropped lower as the night progressed.
  • He stooped lower to avoid hitting his head on the low-hanging branch.
  • The stock market prices fell lower than expected.
  • The plane flew lower as it prepared for landing.
  • He crouched lower to hide behind the bushes.
  • She leaned lower over the edge of the cliff to get a better view.
  • The river flowed lower after the dry season.

LOWER as a noun in a sentence

  • The river’s water level continued to rise, threatening the homes along its lower.
  • He felt a twinge in his lower as he lifted the heavy box.
  • The lower of the ship was damaged in the collision.
  • She placed the heavy books on the lower of the shelf.
  • The hikers set up camp in the lower of the valley.
  • The lower of the bridge was illuminated by the setting sun.
  • The lower of the mountain was shrouded in mist.
  • He rubbed his lower to soothe the sore muscles.

Origin of LOWER

The term lower has its etymological roots in Old English and Germanic languages, offering insights into its linguistic origins.

  • Old English Influence: “Lower” originates from the Old English word “lēower,” which is akin to the Old High German “lōwer,” both meaning “to bend down” or “to make low.” In Old English, “lēower” was used to describe something situated beneath or at a lesser elevation.
  • Germanic Roots: The term “lower” shares cognates with related words in other Germanic languages, highlighting its common linguistic heritage. These roots underscore the concept of reducing elevation or position.
  • Semantic Context: In modern usage, “lower” serves as a comparative adjective, indicating a position or level beneath something else in terms of physical height, rank, value, or quality. It denotes a comparative state of being less elevated, higher, or superior than something else.

The term lower thus reflects its etymological lineage from Old English and Germanic languages, emphasizing its association with a position or level beneath something else in various contexts.


  • Reduce
  • Decrease
  • Diminish
  • Minimize
  • Lessen
  • Drop
  • Decline
  • Dwindle


  • Raise
  • Increase
  • Elevate
  • Heighten
  • Enhance
  • Boost
  • Amplify
  • Augment


  • Decrease
  • Descent
  • Decline
  • Reduction
  • Diminution
  • Lowering
  • Downturn
  • Descend

🌐 🇬🇧 LOWER in other languages

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