Definition of LEGAL SYSTEM


The legal system is a term that primarily functions as a noun and refers to the framework of rules, regulations, institutions, and procedures established by a governing authority to administer justice, resolve disputes, and maintain order within a society. Here are several key aspects associated with the legal system:

Function and Purpose: The legal system serves as the foundation for ensuring law and order within a society by defining rights, duties, and responsibilities, as well as establishing mechanisms for their enforcement and protection. It plays a crucial role in regulating human behavior, resolving conflicts, and upholding justice and fairness.

Components and Institutions: The legal system comprises various components and institutions, including legislatures, judiciaries, executive bodies, law enforcement agencies, and legal professionals such as lawyers, judges, and prosecutors. Each component performs specific functions, such as creating laws, interpreting and applying laws, enforcing laws, and adjudicating disputes.

Laws and Regulations: At the core of the legal system are laws and regulations, which are formal rules enacted by legislative bodies or regulatory authorities to govern conduct and relationships within society. These laws encompass a wide range of areas, including criminal law, civil law, administrative law, constitutional law, and international law, among others.

Adjudication and Dispute Resolution: One of the primary functions of the legal system is adjudicating disputes and resolving conflicts through formal legal processes. This typically involves courts or tribunals hearing cases, interpreting relevant laws, applying legal principles to the facts of the case, and rendering judgments or decisions. Adjudication may occur in various types of courts, including trial courts, appellate courts, and specialized courts.

Access to Justice: A fundamental aspect of the legal system is ensuring access to justice for all individuals, regardless of their socio-economic status, background, or circumstances. This includes providing mechanisms for legal representation, legal aid, and dispute resolution, as well as promoting equality before the law and procedural fairness.

Evolution and Adaptation:Legal systems evolve over time in response to changing social, economic, and technological developments, as well as shifting norms, values, and priorities within society. They may undergo reforms, amendments, or innovations to address emerging issues, improve efficiency, and enhance effectiveness while upholding fundamental principles of justice and the rule of law.

The legal system serves as the cornerstone of society’s governance and plays a vital role in upholding justice, maintaining order, and protecting individual rights and freedoms. It encompasses a complex framework of laws, institutions, and procedures designed to regulate human behavior, resolve disputes, and ensure the fair and equitable administration of justice. As society evolves, the legal system must continue to adapt and evolve to meet the evolving needs and challenges of a changing world.

LEGAL SYSTEM in a sentence

  • The legal system of the country is designed to ensure fair and just treatment for all citizens, regardless of their background.
  • Legal scholars study the complexities of the legal system, examining its evolution and impact on societal norms.
  • The legal system provides a framework for resolving disputes and maintaining order in society through the application of established laws.
  • The efficiency and fairness of a legal system are crucial in upholding the principles of justice and protecting individual rights.
  • Citizens must navigate the complexities of the legal system when seeking redress for grievances or enforcing their rights.
  • The legal system undergoes continuous refinement to adapt to changing societal values and address emerging legal challenges.
  • An accessible and transparent legal system contributes to public trust and confidence in the administration of justice.
  • Legal professionals play a crucial role in upholding the integrity and functioning of the legal system.


The term legal system encompasses two distinct components: “legal” and “system.” “Legal” has its roots in the Latin word “legalis,” derived from “lex,” meaning “law.” “System” comes from the Greek word “sustēma,” signifying “a whole compounded of several parts.” Here’s the breakdown:

  • Legal (Latin: legalis): Originating from the Latin word “legalis,” derived from “lex,” meaning “law.”
  • System (Greek: sustēma): Derived from the Greek word “sustēma,” indicating “a whole compounded of several parts.”

Therefore, legal system denotes a structured framework or organization comprising laws, regulations, institutions, and procedures established by a society to govern behavior, resolve disputes, and administer justice.

In modern usage, legal system refers to the comprehensive framework within which laws are created, interpreted, and enforced by governmental bodies. It encompasses legislative, executive, and judicial branches, along with various administrative agencies and legal institutions responsible for upholding the rule of law and ensuring justice within a society.


  • Judiciary
  • Juridical system
  • Judicial apparatus
  • Legal framework
  • Legal infrastructure
  • Legal machinery
  • Court system
  • Legal order


  • Lawlessness
  • Anarchy
  • Disorder
  • Chaos
  • Lawlessness
  • Lawless state
  • Unlawfulness
  • Dissolution


  • Law
  • Justice
  • Court
  • Jurisdiction
  • Legislation
  • Judiciary
  • Prosecution
  • Defense

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