Definition of HUMAN RIGHTS


Human rights refer to the fundamental rights and freedoms that are inherent to all individuals, regardless of their nationality, ethnicity, religion, gender, or other characteristics. These rights are considered essential to human dignity and are protected under international law. Here are key definitions associated with the term human rights:

Universal Rights: Human rights are universal, meaning they apply to all people, irrespective of factors such as race, nationality, or socioeconomic status. They are not subject to geographical or cultural variations.

Inalienable Rights: Human rights are inalienable, meaning they cannot be surrendered or transferred. Every individual possesses these rights inherently, and they cannot be taken away under any circumstances.

Indivisible and Interdependent: Human rights are indivisible, meaning that no right is more important than another. They are also interdependent, recognizing the interconnectedness of civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights.

Foundational Principles: Human rights are based on principles such as dignity, equality, and respect. They provide a moral and ethical framework for the treatment of individuals in society.

International Legal Framework: Human rights are protected under international law through treaties, conventions, and declarations. Documents like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) articulate these rights.

Protection Against Abuses: Human rights protect individuals from abuses and violations, ensuring that governments and other entities respect and uphold the rights of every person.

Civil and Political Rights: These encompass rights related to political participation, freedom of expression, right to a fair trial, and protection against torture, among others.

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights: These include rights to education, healthcare, work, and an adequate standard of living, recognizing the importance of socio-economic well-being.

Non-Discrimination: Human rights prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status.

Rule of Law and Accountability: The protection and promotion of human rights contribute to the establishment and maintenance of the rule of law, fostering accountability and justice for human rights violations.

Overall, human rights serve as a foundation for creating just, equitable, and inclusive societies where the dignity and worth of every individual are acknowledged and protected.

Examples of the word HUMAN RIGHTS in a sentence

  • The organization is dedicated to promoting and defending human rights around the world, advocating for equality and justice.
  • Governments must uphold and protect the human rights of their citizens, ensuring that everyone is treated with dignity and fairness.
  • The international community came together to condemn the violation of basic human rights in the region, calling for immediate intervention.
  • Education is not only a fundamental human right but also a key driver for the empowerment of individuals and the realization of their potential.
  • Activists tirelessly work to raise awareness about the importance of respecting and safeguarding human rights in all circumstances.
  • The court’s decision to uphold the defendant’s right to a fair trial is a significant victory for the protection of human rights in the legal system.
  • Organizations like Amnesty International play a crucial role in documenting and addressing systemic abuses of human rights globally.
  • The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights underscores the universality and inalienability of these fundamental rights.
  • Discrimination based on race, gender, or any other factor is a clear violation of the principles of equality and human rights.
  • The government implemented new policies to strengthen the protection of workers’ human rights in the labor market.


The term human rights has its origins in various philosophical, legal, and historical developments. The concept of rights inherent to all individuals, based on their humanity, can be traced back to different periods and thinkers. Here are some key points in the origin of the concept:

Philosophical Foundations: The philosophical roots of human rights can be found in the works of Enlightenment thinkers such as John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Voltaire. These philosophers discussed natural rights and the idea that individuals possess certain inherent rights by virtue of being human.

Declaration of Independence (1776): The United States Declaration of Independence, adopted in 1776, famously asserted that all men are endowed with “certain unalienable Rights” and that among these are “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” This declaration contributed to the articulation of human rights principles.

French Revolution (1789): The French Revolution and the adoption of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789 marked a significant moment in the recognition of human rights. This document proclaimed the equality, liberty, and fraternity of all citizens.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948): The modern concept of human rights took a major step forward with the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. The UDHR, influenced by the atrocities of World War II, set out a comprehensive framework for the protection of human rights globally.

Post-World War II Legal Framework: The atrocities committed during World War II, including the Holocaust and other human rights abuses, led to the establishment of the United Nations and the development of international human rights law. Treaties and conventions, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), further codified human rights principles.

Evolution and Expansion: Over time, the concept of human rights has evolved and expanded to address emerging issues and challenges. Movements advocating for the rights of marginalized groups, including women, children, and indigenous peoples, have contributed to a broader understanding and application of human rights.

The origin of the term human rights is deeply intertwined with the history of philosophical thought, legal developments, and responses to historical events that underscored the need for a framework to protect the inherent dignity and worth of every individual.


  • Individual liberties
  • Freedom
  • Dignity
  • Entitlements
  • Principles
  • Justice


  • Oppression
  • Inequality
  • Discrimination
  • Subjugation
  • Tyranny
  • Injustice
  • Violation
  • Unfair


  • Universal
  • Humanitarian
  • Social
  • Empowerment
  • Civilisation
  • Legal
  • Ethical
  • Moral

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