Definition of HARDWARE


Hardware is a noun that refers to the physical components of a computer system or electronic device. It can be understood in various contexts:

Computer Components: Hardware includes tangible components such as the central processing unit (CPU), memory modules (RAM), storage devices (hard drives, solid-state drives), input/output devices (keyboard, mouse, monitor), and peripheral devices (printers, scanners).

Electronic Devices: Beyond computers, hardware encompasses components of electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, digital cameras, routers, and gaming consoles. These devices consist of integrated circuits, sensors, displays, batteries, antennas, and other physical components.

Manufacturing and Assembly: Hardware involves the design, manufacturing, and assembly of physical components according to engineering specifications and industry standards. This includes processes such as fabrication, soldering, welding, injection molding, and assembly line production.

Maintenance and Upgrades: Hardware maintenance involves tasks such as cleaning, troubleshooting, repairing, and upgrading physical components to ensure proper functionality and longevity. Upgrades may involve replacing outdated components with newer ones to improve performance, expand storage capacity, or add new features.

In summary, hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system or electronic device, encompassing computer components, electronic devices, manufacturing processes, and maintenance tasks essential for their operation and functionality.

Examples of HARDWARE in a sentence

  • The computer store sells a wide range of hardware, including monitors, keyboards, and printers.
  • The technician replaced the damaged hardware component to restore the functionality of the device.
  • The construction crew unloaded the heavy hardware from the truck to begin assembling the structure.
  • The company invested in state-of-the-art hardware to improve its manufacturing process.
  • He enjoyed tinkering with electronic hardware and building his own gadgets.
  • The IT department is responsible for maintaining and upgrading the company’s computer hardware.
  • The architect specified high-quality hardware for the doors and windows of the new building.
  • The musician adjusted the settings on the audio hardware to enhance the sound quality of the recording.

Origin of HARDWARE 

The term hardware has a linguistic history that traverses various languages, reflecting its evolution in meaning and usage over time.

  • Middle English Origins: The term “hardware” finds its early roots in Middle English, where it was initially used to refer to metal fittings or fixtures used in construction or manufacturing. In this context, “hardware” denoted tangible, physical components made of metal.
  • Expansion of Meaning: Over time, the meaning of “hardware” expanded beyond its original association with metal fittings to encompass a broader range of physical components and equipment, particularly those related to computing and technology. This semantic broadening occurred as advancements in technology introduced new types of physical devices and machinery.
  • Integration into Modern English: The term “hardware” continued to evolve in Modern English, becoming commonly associated with physical components and devices used in computing and electronics. It encompasses a wide range of equipment, including but not limited to computers, smartphones, printers, and peripherals. In the context of computing, “hardware” refers to the physical, tangible components of a computer system, as opposed to software, which consists of intangible programs and instructions.

The term hardware thus represents a linguistic evolution from its Middle English origins, through expansions in meaning driven by technological advancements, to its modern usage in English, where it describes physical components and equipment, particularly in the realm of computing and technology.


  • Machinery
  • Equipment
  • Apparatus
  • Devices
  • Tools
  • Instruments
  • Gear
  • Appliances


  • Software
  • Program
  • Code
  • Application
  • System
  • Platform
  • Algorithm
  • App


  • Components
  • Peripheral
  • Circuitry
  • Technology
  • Motherboard
  • Circuit board
  • Electronics
  • Infrastructure

🌐 🇬🇧 HARDWARE in other languages

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