Definition of DRUG

DRUG Noun and Verb

Drug serves as both a noun and a verb, encapsulating substances or actions that alter physiological or psychological states. Whether referring to medications, illicit substances, or the act of administering them, it encompasses a wide range of compounds and behaviors with significant implications for health, society, and culture.

DRUG as a noun

As a noun, a drug denotes a chemical substance used to treat, cure, prevent, or alleviate symptoms of a medical condition. It includes prescription medications, over-the-counter drugs, and illicit substances, each with distinct pharmacological effects and potential risks.

DRUG as a verb

As a verb, to drug refers to the action of administering a substance to someone, often without their consent, with the intention of altering their physiological or psychological state. This can involve the use of sedatives, tranquilizers, or other psychoactive substances to induce sleep, relaxation, or altered consciousness.

Pharmacological Effects: Drugs exert various effects on the body and mind, ranging from pain relief and symptom management to altering mood, perception, or consciousness. These effects result from interactions with specific receptors or biochemical pathways in the body, influencing physiological processes and behavior.

Therapeutic Use: Many drugs are prescribed or administered under medical supervision to diagnose, treat, or manage medical conditions. They may include antibiotics, analgesics, antidepressants, or antipsychotics, among others, prescribed based on their therapeutic benefits and risk profiles.

Substance Abuse: However, some drugs are used recreationally or abused, leading to dependence, addiction, and adverse health consequences. Illicit drugs, such as cocaine, heroin, or methamphetamine, alter brain chemistry, impair judgment, and increase the risk of overdose, addiction, and social harm.

Legal and Regulatory Frameworks: Governments and regulatory agencies establish laws and regulations to control the production, distribution, and use of drugs, balancing public health concerns with individual rights and freedoms. These frameworks aim to prevent misuse, ensure quality and safety, and address societal impacts of drug use.

Social and Cultural Significance: Drugs hold significant social and cultural significance, influencing rituals, traditions, and lifestyles across different societies and historical periods. They may be used for spiritual purposes, social bonding, or recreational activities, reflecting complex attitudes and beliefs towards mind-altering substances.

Public Health Challenges: Addressing drug use and abuse presents complex public health challenges, requiring comprehensive strategies that encompass prevention, treatment, harm reduction, and policy interventions. These efforts aim to reduce substance-related harm, promote health equity, and address underlying factors contributing to drug misuse.

In conclusion, drug as both a noun and a verb encompasses substances or actions that alter physiological or psychological states, with profound implications for health, society, and culture. While many drugs offer therapeutic benefits when used appropriately, misuse or abuse can lead to serious health consequences and societal harm. Understanding the pharmacological effects, social dynamics, and regulatory frameworks surrounding drugs is essential for promoting responsible use, mitigating harms, and fostering health and well-being for individuals and communities.

Examples of the word DRUG in a sentence

DRUG as a noun in a sentence

  • He takes a daily drug to manage his blood pressure.
  • The pharmacist dispensed the prescribed drug to the patient.
  • The use of illegal drugs can lead to serious health problems.
  • She was arrested for possession of a controlled drug.
  • The doctor prescribed a new drug to alleviate her allergy symptoms.
  • The athlete was disqualified after testing positive for performance-enhancing drugs.
  • Substance abuse can have devastating effects on individuals and families.
  • The side effects of the drug were carefully explained to the patient before they began treatment.

DRUG as a verb in a sentence

  • He was accused of attempting to drug his colleague’s drink.
  • The suspect allegedly drugged the victim before robbing them.
  • She feared someone might try to drug her at the party, so she kept a close eye on her drink.
  • The investigation revealed that the victim’s drink had been drugged without their knowledge.
  • Parents warned their children about the dangers of accepting beverages from strangers, as they could be drugged.
  • The perpetrator was arrested for drugging unsuspecting individuals at bars and nightclubs.
  • The actress claimed she was drugged at a social event, leading to her erratic behavior.
  • The authorities urged the public to be vigilant and report any suspicious behavior involving attempts to drug others.

Origin of DRUG

The term drug has a multifaceted etymological history, reflecting its diverse origins and evolving meanings across different languages and cultures.

  • Old French Roots: The word drug traces back to the Old French word “drogue,” which originally referred to any dried plant or herb used in medicine or seasoning. In Old French, “drogue” also denoted a substance with medicinal properties or a commodity traded for profit.
  • Middle English Influence: During the Middle English period, the term drug was adopted from Old French, retaining its original meaning of medicinal plants or substances used for therapeutic purposes. It was commonly associated with herbs, spices, and other natural remedies employed in traditional healing practices.
  • Evolution in Modern Usage: Over time, the term drug expanded to encompass a broader range of substances with psychoactive or pharmacological effects. In contemporary usage, “drug” typically refers to any chemical substance used for medical treatment, recreational purposes, or illicit activities, including prescription medications, recreational drugs, and controlled substances.
  • Cultural and Legal Connotations: The term drug carries significant cultural, legal, and social connotations, as it is often associated with issues of addiction, substance abuse, and regulatory control. The classification and regulation of drugs vary across jurisdictions, with different substances subject to varying degrees of legal scrutiny and social stigma.
  • Medical and Therapeutic Applications: Despite its association with recreational and illicit substances, many drugs have legitimate medical and therapeutic applications. Pharmaceutical drugs play a crucial role in modern healthcare, treating various medical conditions, alleviating symptoms, and improving quality of life for millions of people worldwide.

Through its journey from Old French origins to its modern usage, the term drug reflects the complex interplay between medicine, commerce, culture, and regulation, highlighting the multifaceted nature of substances that influence human physiology and behavior.


  • Medication
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Substance
  • Remedy
  • Treatment
  • Narcotic
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Prescription


  • Cure
  • Remedy
  • Treatment
  • Antidote
  • Placebo
  • Soberness
  • Abstinence
  • Rehabilitation


  • Pharmacy
  • Addiction
  • Overdose
  • Substance abuse
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Prescription
  • Illegal
  • Side effects

🌐 🇬🇧 DRUG in other languages

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