Definition of BIOLOGICAL


Biological serves as an adjective, relating to the study of living organisms, their functions, structures, and processes. It encompasses the scientific discipline of biology, which explores the diversity, evolution, and interactions of life forms on Earth, as well as their relationships with the environment.

Adjective – Study of Living Organisms: As an adjective, biological pertains to living organisms and their biological processes, structures, and functions. It encompasses the study of life at various levels of organization, from molecules and cells to organisms, populations, and ecosystems, providing insights into the fundamental principles and mechanisms underlying life’s diversity and complexity.

Adjective – Interdisciplinary Approach: Biological research often adopts an interdisciplinary approach, drawing upon principles and methodologies from fields such as genetics, ecology, physiology, biochemistry, and evolutionary biology. This interdisciplinary perspective allows scientists to address complex biological questions and phenomena, integrating knowledge across multiple scales and disciplines.

Adjective – Applications in Medicine and Biotechnology: Biological discoveries and advancements have profound implications for human health, agriculture, and biotechnology. Insights from biological research inform medical treatments, disease prevention strategies, and the development of pharmaceuticals and vaccines, contributing to improved health outcomes and quality of life for individuals worldwide.

Adjective – Environmental Conservation and Sustainability: Understanding biological principles and processes is essential for addressing pressing environmental challenges, such as climate change, habitat loss, and biodiversity decline. Biological research informs conservation efforts, ecosystem restoration initiatives, and sustainable resource management practices, helping to safeguard ecosystems and biodiversity for future generations.

Furthermore, biological research plays a crucial role in addressing global health challenges, such as infectious diseases, chronic illnesses, and emerging pathogens. Advances in genomics, immunology, and microbiology enable the development of novel therapies, diagnostic tools, and preventive measures to combat disease and improve public health outcomes.

In addition to its applications in human health, biological science informs agricultural practices and food security initiatives. By studying plant biology, genetics, and crop physiology, researchers can enhance crop yields, develop resilient varieties, and promote sustainable agricultural practices to feed a growing global population while minimizing environmental impacts.

In conclusion, biological encompasses the study of living organisms, their functions, structures, and processes, spanning diverse disciplines within the field of biology. Through interdisciplinary research and applications, biological knowledge contributes to advancements in medicine, biotechnology, environmental conservation, and sustainability, addressing key challenges facing society and the planet. By fostering a deeper understanding of life’s complexity and interconnectedness, biological science empowers us to explore, protect, and sustain the rich tapestry of life on Earth.

Examples of BIOLOGICAL in a sentence

  • The study of biological systems encompasses a wide range of disciplines, from genetics to ecology.
  • Biological processes such as photosynthesis and respiration are fundamental to sustaining life on Earth.
  • Advances in biological research have led to breakthroughs in medicine, agriculture, and environmental conservation.
  • The biological diversity of an ecosystem reflects its health and resilience to environmental changes.
  • Ethical considerations are paramount in biological research involving human subjects or endangered species.
  • Understanding biological mechanisms is crucial for developing effective treatments for diseases and disorders.
  • Biological evolution is driven by natural selection and genetic variation over successive generations.
  • The field of synthetic biology explores the design and construction of new biological systems and organisms.

Etymology of BIOLOGICAL

The term biological has its etymological roots in Greek and English, offering insights into its linguistic origins.

  • Greek Influence: “Biological” combines the Greek prefix “bio-,” meaning “life,” with the English suffix “-logical,” derived from the Greek word “logikos,” meaning “pertaining to study” or “pertaining to discourse.” In Greek, “biological” would translate to “related to the study of life.”
  • Development in English: The term “biological” entered English usage to describe concepts or phenomena related to living organisms or life processes. It encompasses the study of living organisms, their structure, function, evolution, and interactions with the environment.
  • Semantic Evolution: Over time, “biological” has expanded beyond its original scientific context to encompass a broader range of concepts related to life and living organisms. It is used to describe phenomena, processes, and characteristics that are inherent to or derived from living systems.

The term biological thus reflects its etymological roots in Greek and English, emphasizing its association with the study of life and living organisms.


  • Organic
  • Living
  • Life
  • Natural
  • Physiological
  • Genetic
  • Biological science
  • Life science


  • Inorganic
  • Nonliving
  • Artificial
  • Synthetic
  • Nonbiological
  • Dead
  • Abiotic
  • Chemical


  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Evolution
  • Ecology
  • Microbiology
  • Anatomy
  • Botany

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