Definition of AGGRESION


Aggression can refer to both a behavior and a psychological concept, encompassing actions or attitudes that involve hostility, anger, or the intent to harm others physically or emotionally.

As a noun, aggression denotes the behavior or disposition characterized by hostility or violence toward others. This can manifest in various forms, including physical attacks, verbal insults, or passive-aggressive behaviors aimed at intimidating or dominating others.

Types and Manifestations: Aggression can take many forms, ranging from direct physical violence to subtle forms of manipulation or coercion. It can be reactive, stemming from perceived threats or provocation, or proactive, driven by the desire to assert dominance or achieve specific goals.

Psychological Mechanisms: From a psychological perspective, aggression is influenced by a combination of biological, social, and environmental factors. Hormonal imbalances, genetic predispositions, upbringing, and social learning all play roles in shaping aggressive tendencies in individuals.

Causes and Triggers: Various factors can trigger aggressive behavior, including frustration, stress, perceived injustices, or feelings of inadequacy or insecurity. External factors such as social norms, cultural influences, and media portrayals of violence can also contribute to the normalization or escalation of aggression.

Impact and Consequences: Aggression can have significant negative consequences for both the aggressor and the target, leading to physical harm, psychological trauma, damaged relationships, and legal repercussions. It can also perpetuate cycles of violence and contribute to social unrest or conflict on a larger scale.

Management and Intervention: Addressing aggressive behavior often requires a multifaceted approach, including psychological counseling, anger management techniques, conflict resolution skills, and social support networks. Early intervention and education aimed at promoting empathy, emotional regulation, and non-violent communication can help prevent or mitigate aggression.

Social Context and Culture: Aggression is influenced by cultural norms and societal expectations regarding acceptable behavior, gender roles, and power dynamics. Cultures that valorize aggression or condone violent solutions to conflicts may experience higher rates of interpersonal violence and social instability.

Legal and Ethical Considerations: In legal contexts, aggression is often considered in terms of criminal behavior, with laws and regulations governing assault, harassment, bullying, and other forms of violent conduct. Ethical debates also surround issues such as self-defense, punishment, and the use of force by authorities.

In conclusion, aggression encompasses a range of behaviors and attitudes characterized by hostility, anger, or the intent to harm others. It is influenced by a complex interplay of individual, social, and cultural factors and can have profound consequences for individuals and society. Understanding the causes, manifestations, and consequences of aggression is essential for promoting healthy relationships, conflict resolution, and social cohesion.

Examples of AGGRESION in a sentence

  • The coach emphasized the importance of channeling aggression into positive energy on the field.
  • The psychologist studied the root causes of aggression in adolescents.
  • His aggression often resulted in conflicts with his peers.
  • The aggressive behavior of the dog alarmed the neighbors.
  • The rise in aggression among students prompted the school to implement conflict resolution programs.
  • She sought therapy to address her feelings of anger and aggression.
  • The politician’s aggression during debates garnered both praise and criticism.
  • The police intervened to prevent further escalation of aggression between rival gangs.


The term aggression has its origins in Latin and French, evolving over centuries to encompass various manifestations of hostile or assertive behavior.

  • Latin Roots: The term aggression derives from the Latin word “aggressio,” which is formed from the verb “agredi,” meaning “to approach” or “to attack.” In Latin, “aggressio” referred to the act of advancing or attacking.
  • French Influence: During the Middle Ages, the term aggression entered Middle English via Old French, where it retained its meaning of hostile action or initiation of conflict. French influence on English vocabulary during this period contributed to the adoption and adaptation of various terms related to conflict and confrontation.
  • Incorporation into English: By the late Middle English period, aggression had become established in English to describe hostile or assertive behavior, particularly actions that involve initiating or provoking conflict, violence, or confrontation.
  • Psychological and Sociological Concepts: In the 20th century, the term aggression gained prominence in psychology and sociology as a concept for understanding and analyzing various forms of hostile, assertive, or dominant behavior in individuals and groups. It encompasses both overt physical acts and more subtle forms of verbal, emotional, or social aggression.
  • Contemporary Usage: In contemporary usage, aggression refers to a wide range of behaviors and attitudes characterized by hostility, assertiveness, or dominance. It is studied and discussed in various contexts, including psychology, sociology, criminology, and international relations.

Through its evolution from Latin through French into English and its subsequent conceptual development in modern disciplines, the term aggression reflects humanity’s ongoing exploration and understanding of conflict, behavior, and social dynamics.


  • Hostility
  • Violence
  • Aggressiveness
  • Attack
  • Conflict
  • Assault
  • Antagonism
  • Belligerence


  • Peace
  • Calmness
  • Tranquility
  • Harmony
  • Pacifism
  • Gentleness
  • Kindness
  • Cooperation


  • Anger
  • Provocation
  • Confrontation
  • Agitator
  • Confrontational
  • Provocative
  • Conflict resolution
  • Assertiveness

🌐 🇬🇧 AGGRESION in other languages

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